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SIXTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT.
have found employment in France. As a rule, young Jews are not foncl of quitting their native country, or of leading an adventurous life.
As regards the pupils of the Girls' School, M. Pariente mentions that 5 have become school mistresses; 9 milliners and dressmakers; 15 have been married. The girls who have had a school training hold altogether a superior position. 45 girls are bound as apprentices, and are engaged in workshops belonging to the Alliance, where they stand under the supervision of the Head Mistress of the School, excepting the apprentices to milliners who are outdoor learners. This school was opened in 188-i, and has already qualified 9 apprentices to take work on their own account. There is room for doubling the number of female apprentices. The cost of maintaining the workshops, including the monthly allowances to the apprentices amounts at present to 2,000 francs a year.
The Smyrna Community being excessively poor, grants no subvention to the apprenticing of the children. Baron de Hirsch has raised his annual subvention, which is now 8,500 francs for 80 boys. This increase in the number of apprentices will tell beneficially on the future prospects of the Community, who will gradually emerge from the state of pauperism which nqw prevails in that city.
The trades taught to the several apprentices are as follows : —Typography, work in brass, bronze, tin, iron, and lead, engineering and locksmith's work, tailoring, cabinet-making, joinery, wood-carving, clog-making, decorating, upholstery, house-painting, and tannery. Other trades which should be taught in Smyrna are enumerated in this suggestive report, and the judicious promise is added that special attention will be given to those employments which require physical as well as mental exertion. Children who cannot learn the requisite trades in Smyrna will be sent to other localities. Some of the apprentices are in fact now employed at Bordeaux, others at the School in Jerusalem. A lad who is learning the art of engraving in metal has been apprenticed in Paris. Young persons of both sexes who are left without instruction in handicrafts become petty dealers or take service in warehouses, workshops, or as domestics in Jewish houses.
The foregoing items of information lead M. Pariente to the following conclusions. Great as is the good which is being done at our Schools, there are still two-thirds of the Jewish children in Smyrna, who, growing up in a state of ignorance, require our closest attention in, order that the young people
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