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SIXTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT.
APPENDIX C.
INDUSTRIAL INSTRUCTION IN BAGDAD.
By Me. Morris Cohen.
The attention of the Anglo-Jewish Association and the Alliance Israelite Univefselle, has frequently been given to the development of the " Apprenticing System," where it already existed to some extent, and to its establishment in other places where its necessity was recognised.
It has often been observed by teachers and other friends of education, that the ordinary school training is not sufficient to raise the status of the respective Jewish Communities in the East. The number of children frequenting the sub-ventioned schools, although very large in the aggregate, and full of encouragement and promise for the future, is not in any particular Community extensive enough to exert an adequate influence upon the uneducated majority. Instruction spreading further and further, must ultimately achieve its powerful object; still it attains its end but slowly when unaided by other efficient auxiliaries. These auxiliaries have to bo discovered in the measures adopted in favour of technical instruction.
The backward condition of the commerce of the country, resulting from the unsatisfactory state of affairs in general, and more particularly from the insufficient development of its numerous resources and the absence of modern facilities of communication, necessarily reduces the people to increasing poverty, and there exist no remunerative employment for the masses. All these circumstances combined are formidable drawbacks to the social improvement which most of us are anxious to effect.
These considerations having been kept in view, the "apprenticing system" was reorganised more than a year ago, and has hitherto been completely successful. The fund amounts to a total of £300 per annum, contributed in equal proportions by the Anglo-Jewish Association, the Alliance Israelite Universelle, and the Bagdad Jewish Community. There are 61 apprentices, who will one day be established as follows:—-Carpenters 12, gold and silversmiths 11, bootmakers 6, weavers 9, coppersmiths 23. All except the copper-
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