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TWELFTH ANNUAL REPORT.
The Jewish Community is governed by an unpaid Grand Rabbi, and by a Day an, who holds the place of a magistrate. In former times the Dayan had uncontrolled power, and might send to the galleys anyone who had broken the Sabbath, or had transgressed any other religious law; but this power is now reduced in the same measure as civilisation gains the upper hand. The Community is ill-administered. Disunion exists everywhere; jealousy interferes in public matters, which take a wrong turn because people care much for themselves and little for others. Solidarity is a virtue which the Damascus Jews do not understand, self-interest being the great motive power. The meat taxes and other revenues are not applied for proper public objects, and are frittered away for selfish purposes. This state of things, which ruins the Community, is understood by all, but no one seeks to apply the remedy. Schools cannot yet completely counteract the evil, but they are even now already capable of effecting much good. The seeds of civilisation might have been sown long since, had not the Community shown itself hostile to necessary improvements. I witness with satisfaction, however, that the Damascus people commence to comprehend the utility of our institutions, and so far as I am concerned I am determined to succeed.
I propose in a future letter to give an insight into the local resources of the Jewish Community.
(Signed) M. Fresco.
Damascus, 1st February, 1883.
APPENDIX D.
ON TEE PROGRESS OF TEE ALLIANCE SCEOODS IN SMYRNA DURING TEE YEAR 1882.
Condensed and Translated from a Report of M. S. T. Pariente, Director of the School.
A.—BOYS' 8CEOOL.
1. Pupils.—The number of 181 pupils in December, 1881, rose three months later to 221, of whom 96 paid school fees. The payments for each pupil varied from 5 to 10 francs per month. School requisites are supplied to the poor children gratis, as also twice a year clothing and shoes. Several circumstances have somewhat interfered with the progress of the pupils, such as the prevalence of smallpox, numerous cases
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