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MS137_AJ95_150_7
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46
TWELFTH ANNUAL REPORT.
Beautiful cornfields, extensive vineyards, and magnificent orchards of orange, lime, peach, apricot, fig, and guava trees meet the view in this favoured spot. The water supply is from four wells, and an attempt was being made to sink an artesian well. I visited the boys' school in company with Dr. Hirsch, the director of the establishment. There were 58 boys, the Ashkenazim somewhat outnumbering the Sephardim in consequence of several Russian children having been sent there from Drody. The course of instruction embraces French, arithmetic, geometry, history, geography, natural history, and a little science. In Hebrew the Bible is studied and grammar taught, but not the Talmud. The teaching staff consists of two Russian teachers and one instructor from the Alliance School in Paris. There is a garden in which the children work and where they cultivate flowers, fruit, and vegetables from two to five hours per diem. They are also instructed i i ploughing and working in vineyards, but some are trained as specialists to become wine growers, etc.
The buildings are solidly constructed of stone, most of them two stories high. There is a smithy, carpenters shop, tannery, shoemaker and tailor's shop for the instruction of the children in trades. Some of these workshops are ingeniously constructed by cutting rooms out of the limestone rock and covering them over by a sloping roof of tiles.
Altogether, including children, workmen, etc., 100 Jews are employed on the establishment, in addition to which a large number of native day labourers are working on the estate.
There are 10 mules, 2 horses, 25 oxen and cows, and 150 sheep ; the manure obtained from this source is sufficient for the farm.
A good carriage-road leads to the nearest market at Jaffa, about lialf-an-hour distant, from which port produce can be exported. There is a good nursery garden on the establishment, and the young trees raised there are sold.
On April 17th I arrived at Jerusalem, and on the following-day I visited the School, founded in May, 1882, of which M. Nissim Behar is the director, and which receives a subvention from the Alliance Israelite and the Anglo-Jewish Association.*
As my stay in Jerusalem coincided with the Passover holidays, I was unable to examine the pupils. I was, however, constantly at the School, and saw quite enough of the scholars to enable me
* Further particulars furnished by the author will be found at pages 34 and 35,
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