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refuge the girls are principally taught needlework, the boys-Hebrew and a little French.
In the East the Jews are not yet habituated to exert themselves in one common effort. There are but few rich persons, and they generally are stingy. Sometimes they put forth fanatical pretexts in order to screen their selfishness and to withhold their mite of contributions towards the useful work. The Rabbis feel a suspicion when they see the young awakening from the former lethargy, and instead of removing the obstacles they actually interpose new difficulties. Yet the young must and shall be attended to. The future is theirs, and in the future there is hope.
(Signed) F. BLOCH,
and Inspector of the Schools.
CONDITION OF THE JEWS OF SMYRNA* By M. Pariente, Head-master oe the Alliance School.
1. As in all other Eastern cities, most of the Smyrna Jews seek to derive their subsistence from mercantile pursuits, but since their resources of commerce are very scanty, they are in a wretched condition. There are those who are satisfied to act as agents and as brokers; others occupy themselves with manual labour, as bootmakers, tailors, joiners, tin and coppersmiths, etc. Many persons, male and female, work in the business line of gall-nuts and figs, two important articles ol exportation. A considerable number of young pedlars eke out a miserable livelihood from the sale oi puny and trumpery articles. These persons do not thereby in any way improve their moral standpoint. In addition to the traders there are various categories of the poor, whose number is appalling. Above a thousand paupers have to be maintained by the community. It is a fortunate thing that these helpless creatures are not permitted to go begging in the streets. They receive
* This article written iu answer to a series of questions, was prepared by M. Pariente during his visit to London in the autumn of 1880.—A. Lowy.
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