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NINTH ANNUAL REPORT.
prohibited, but such obstacles have bow disappeared, and although their relations can scarcely be described as cordial,
they are friendly.
I shall say no more of the Jews of Wallachia than that most of my remarks on the Jews of Bucharest are equally
applicable to them.
Galatz.—A description of the condition of the 10,000 Jews in this town may be taken as typical of the rest of the Jewish inhabitants of Moldavia. Tor this reason when I come to mention Jassv I shall do so but briefly.
By far"the larger proportion of the number mentioned above are born in the country itself, and are of Polish or German descent. The remainder come from Russia, Poland, or Galicia, and are the least creditable part of the community. There is scarcely a business or occupation in which the Jews are not to be found; watchmaking is a favourite employment. 1 here are far too many spirit cabarets kept by Jews. Uiis is also true ox many of the smaller towns in Moldavia. A reliable informant assured me that in many small towns of only 2,000 inhabitants there might be as many as fifteen or twenty of these places kept by Jews. My informant had himself lived in some of these towns. He denied that the Jews cheated or poisoned the peasants with drink. On the contrary, they earned a poor living by this trade, but unfortunately were unable to earn their
bread otherwise. *
It is computed that there are no less than 3,000 Chasidim m Galatz, mostly Poles and Galicians. Though they do not form a distinct class, it is not difficult to distinguish them. Dirt and poverty are usually their accompanying characteristics. Although many understand Roumanian, their vernacular is a patois. About the forms and ceremonies of their religion they are extremely particular. They study the Talmud and sometimes the Cabbala. _ These men trade in spirits, and many of them are addicted to drink. Their homes, little better than huts, are the centre of their affections. Their manners are uncouth and repulsive, but crimes they do not often commit.
The number of Chasidim is continually on the decrease, and. were it not for immigration would soon disappear. The children of Chasidim are no longer Chasidim. _
Unfortunately, there is too often insufficient accommodation in the Jewish Schools for all who should attend. On this ac-count many Chasidim send their children to CVWanM, mstitu-tions presided over by Jews learned in the study of Hebrew and
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