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Another institution of the same character is that of Mehor Oumathan which provides a certain number of poor girls with marriage portions. This society could very usefully help to form a girls' school, and, possibly, an industrial school for girls.
There are numerous other benevolent and religious societies which it is unnecessary to name.
Baron Rothschild owns at Smyrna a large house, which affords shelter to about 150 families, and the maintenance of which, together with the superintendence of admissions, is entrusted to a special Committee.
Rothschild's Hospital.—The last institution which we shall name is the hospital. Baron Mayer Solomon de Rothschild, of Vienna, at the time of his visit to Smyrna, founded a small hospital for poor Israelites. This establishment has twenty wards, all on the ground floor, and having for the most part but one window looking upon the court-yard. These rooms are low and badly ventilated, and, consequently, not very well suited for the purpose. A Jewish medical man, Dr. Levy, of Corfu, visits the hospital every morning gratuitously. There is a small dispensary in the establishment which is but poorly provided. Gratuitous advice and medicines can only be obtained by the inmates of the hospital, the number of which is naturally very limited. The result is that if the father of a family falls ill, and the doctor has been sent for by them, often, at the cost of depriving themselves of necessaries, they have no means for paying for the prescribed medicines. The family is obliged to go without food, and the harrowing spectacle may be witnessed of a number of children crouched on the ground, hungry, around a sick father, without even a candle to throw a ray of light on this mournful picture. In fine, there is no society at Smyrna to succour the sick poor, or to provide for the wants of their families.
Mutual Societies.—The community of Smyrna possesses corporations of tin-men, shoemakers, porters, and even of singers, each member of which pays about ten centimes a week; but it does not appear that the amount received by these subscriptions is well administered.
Administration.—At the head of the community of Smyrna are three chief Rabbis, one of whom is officially recognised by the Government. There is also a kind of Consistory, composed of six members, who are also officially recognised. Independently of these there are six others, called Memounnim, whose function it is to watch over religious matters ; and four called Par-
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