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YI.—Turkish Schools.
Under the control of the Sultan's Government, Constantinople has eight primary schools, in each of which are received from 200 to 300 boys. Jews and Christians have the same right of admission as the Mahometans, provided that the applicants be Ottoman subjects. The curriculum in these schools is nearly the same as in the Alliance Schools (except that in the latter due attention is given to Hebrew and the Jewish religion). For the most part, the staff of teachers is selected from the officers serving in the Turkish army. A Hodja (a non-military schoolmaster) gives the pupils a smattering of Arabic and Persian, as from these two languages a considerable quantity of terms flow into the Turkish idiom. Six out of the eight primary schools are frequented by Jewish boys, whose total number amounts to sixty-six. I was unable to find out whether these boys are made acquainted privately with the rudiments of Hebrew and the Jewish religion *
As the school hours, with proper intervals, extend from eight in the morning to five in the evening, it is very doubtful whether the pupils can keep up such Hebrew knowledge as they may have received before they entered the primary schools. After matriculating, they are allowed to attend, free of charge, the preparatory civil and military Schools of Medicine, or they may obtain subordinate appointments under Government.
yii.—Schools op Medicine.
These institutions are of two kinds, military and civil. They are divided into a preparatory and a higher department. The Preparatory Military School is placed under rigid discipline. The students receive small monthly stipends and are equipped, lodged, and boarded at Government expense. They attend lectures during six hours a day, and four hours are allowed for recapitulation. The Jewish students are encouraged to
* At the time when I was in Constantinople the Turkish schools were closed, but valuable facilities for obtaining information were afforded me by the Minister of Public Instruction.
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