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took a very active part. I am persuaded that he would be quite willing to aid the emissary of the Alliance by his advice and experience.
At any rate the Alliance would do well to communicate with the Grand Vizier of Persia, Mourza Hassan Khan, as also directly with the Shah through an ambassador at Teheran, and to pray him to put an end to the oppression and injustice, the weight of which is made to fall so heavily on our brethren by the governors and the people; and above all to free them from the special tax levied upon them by the Shah, and which, owing to the greed and rapacity of his vile officials, is multiplied five, and even ten-fold.
Let us hope that with God's aid, and by the support of our brethren throughout the world, brighter days may dawn for the feeble remnant of Judah which finds a shelter in Persia,
I am, &c.,
(Signed) T. Lurion, President.
M. Marx, Secretary.
P.S. The person who may be selected by the Alliance ought to be sufficiently acquainted with Hebrew to be able to correspond with his co-religionists of Persia.
Immediately upon receipt of this letter, it was determined to obtain further particulars, and a series of questions was drawn up and submitted to M. Lurion, and in reply to them the following letter was received.
[Translation^
Bagdad, 4th January, 1873.
Mr. President,
I have to reply to the questions which you sent me in your esteemed favour of the 26th November last.
ist. Number of Israelites in Persia ? About 40,000 persons.
2nd. Chief towns where they reside together with the number of the f ovulation in each. Teheran, 3000; Ourmia, 1200; Kirmanchah, 600; Hamadan, 3000; Kachan, 1500; Ispahan, 2,400; Yezd, 1500; Chiraz, 3000.
3 rd. IVhat are their principalprofessions, and what their chief means of obtaining a livelihood ?
At Teheran, Hamadan, and in the whole of the north they trade in drugs, spices, and in articles of European manufacture ; some few also in diamonds and pearls. There are many goldsmiths and a large number of doctors. At Ispahan the Jews engage in the meanest occupations, such as cleansing canals and latrines ; they deal also in rags and old
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