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The common people having in their way aped their fellows, the Corporation in the same reign had to suppress certain " typpling howses " in the borough, " by reason that every other howse is now a brewer or a tapster." All the circumstances considered, it will not surprise many to hear that this same Henry visited Southampton on more than one occasion; and is said to have stayed with Anne Bolevn, in a house alleged to be still standing in St. Michael's Square. The fact is, that around the foundation by John, in 1204, of a Cistercian Abbey at Beaulieu, in the New Forest, several other " right stately " houses had sprung up in this immediate neighbourhood, in addition to those founded in the time of John's ancestors. Henry, besides appropriating their revenues at the dissolution of the monasteries, turned even the stones of their temples to account by erecting a fort at Netley, three miles down the Southampton river, from the materials of the Abbey there, whilst the stones of the princely church of Beaulieu were used for building a martello tower at Hurst, at the entrance to the Solent, and the lead to repair Henry's block-house at Calshot, at the entrance to the Southampton Water—to fight against the very Power which had raised these sacred fanes and foundations to their glory. In 1554 Philip of Spain arrived here with a fleet which is said to have numbered 100 sail, was invested with the insignia of the Order of the Garter, and subsequently married at Winchester to Queen Mary, who was so pleased with his reception here that she made the Corporation a special and exclusive grant in reference to the wine trade. Six years afterwards Queen Elizabeth visited the Earl of Hertford at Netley Castle, staying at Southampton on her way to Winchester, and subsequently granted to the town the arms it has borne ever since. Charles I., to avoid the plague, came here from London in 1625, and in a house in the High Street (formerly called English Street) deliberated with the Dutch ambassadors on the subject of an alliance. By this monarch the last and governing charter of the borough previous to the Municipal Reform Act was granted in 1640. From this reign Southampton's prosperity appears so to have fallen oft' that Gibson, in his edition of Camden, wrote in 1695 that having lost its trade, it had also lost most of its inhabitants, and the great houses of its merchants were dropping to the ground, and only showed its ancient magnificence. As we have already seen, at the beginning of the present century its inhabitants numbered less than 8,000. These were principally well-to-do people, attracted hither as a fashionable seaside retirement or residence, patronized by royalty, and celebrated for a Spa of curative water-—still extant, though by most forgotten, in the grounds in
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