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´╗┐SOUTHAMPTON :
of the several counties or districts of which from time to time the survey is being made, is carried out under the personal direction of an officer of Engineers, in charge of what may be termed a Division of the Survey. According to the Director's Report for 1874, there were nine of these Divisions in England and Scotland, with two divisions specially charged with the duties pertaining to the levelling, contouring, and hill sketching necessary to complete the plans, and one engaged in the difficult task of perambulating and investigating the intricate system of parochial and other boundaries ; in addition, there are two Divisions in Ireland, where the revision surveys and the engraving and publication of the Irish maps are being carried on. When the manuscript plans of a district have been completed by a division, they are sent to Southampton to be examined and proved before publication, this being the office where all the maps are published, a work of considerable magnitude, occupying between 300 and 400 persons, and including in its course the various processes of copperplate engraving, photography, zincography, electrotyping, copperplate printing, &c. It also appears from the Report already alluded to that, in addition to the ordinary work of the Department, at the office here there is a considerable amount of interesting work performed, such, for example, as the production by photozincography of a facsimile of Domesday Book, and some of the most interesting of our national records, commencing with the Conqueror's Charter of London, and ending with the despatch of Marlborough reporting the victory of Blenheim, besides State papers relating to Scotland, Irish manuscripts, &c. The capabilities of the Department, and the skill and energy brought to bear upon all matters connected therewith, is further evidenced by the fact of various foreign and colonial Governments having from time to time sent over skilled officers to enquire into the various methods and processes adopted for the production of maps, &c., at the office here, and to receive instruction therein. The maps of towns are published on a scale of 1-500, or 10.56 feet to a mile; the cultivated districts, on a scale of 1-2,500, or 25.344 inches to a mile. These are reduced by the photographic process, and published on a scale of 1-10,560, or 6 inches to a mile, with a general map on a scale of 1-63,360, or 1 inch to a mile. Before proceeding to describe the remaining chief attractions of Southampton in its buildings and its modern history, we may appropriately sketch its early experiences.
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