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■vratch tower, and for defence in the same manner as that presented by machicolations. The wall then retires some distance, strengthened by heavy buttresses, and in which may also be observed the remains of the gargoyle, "or stone spout, that served to drain the ditch of the Castle. Here the flight of steps, previously mentioned, built against the face of the wall in 1853, ascends to Albion-place. A long plain wall succeeds, with C atchcold TowEB—a bold semi-circular structure, projecting from the centre of it. The parapet, carried on a row of large plain corbels, leaving spaces to serve for machicolations, is very striking and picturesque. We presently reach the. north-west angle, where a small square tower, splayed into an octagon at the top, advances beyond the line of the wall, and the angle is surmounted by the still majestic remains of a noble round tower, enveloped in 'ivy, and known as Peince Edwabd's, or Abundei. Toweb. #
: Here the road turns up into Babgate Street, outside the wall, to the Above Bar-street, close to the Bar Gate. In passing up it, parts of the towers and wall were to be seen over the houses which were built against both sides of them, until 1854, when the same reckless disregard to good taste and antiquity, which has been already referred to, led to their destruction, and to their place being filled, at an enormous expense, by a brick shed for fire engines, &c.
The visitor should take the route above described, and return through the Bar Gate and Castle-lane, so as to reach the Quay, and follow the streets described in the following pages.
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