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There are about a dozen examples in England of oars used as maces. Some are little models running into a silver case.
Admiralty jurisdiction was granted to Southampton by Henry VI., and the Mayor of Southampton is Admiral of the port.
(2) The larger of the two great Maces
is of silver gilt, 4ft. 6ins. long, of the usual late type, with crowned head surrounded by four Royal badges, A.R., and a Latin inscription with name of donor, 1708.
(3) The other great Mace
is silver parcel gilt, 3 feet long, of the usual late form, surmounted by an arched crown, beneath the arches of which are the Royal Arms of the Stuarts. The shaft is of silver divided midway by a gilt knop, andi peculiar in having beneath the latter, and also below the mace head, six gilt open work brackets. On the foot knop, which is silver gilt, are engraved three shields, being respectively, the town arms, the town rebus, and the arms of Stanley—William Stanley, Esq., second mairoltie, 1662. There are no hall marks. The mace is a very line example of its kind.
(4) The Great Sword,
or Sword of State, is a fine example of a two-handed sword. It is a Swiss infantry sword of the 16th century. No record of how it came into possession of Corporation.
(5) The four small Maces
are amongst the most remarkable of their kind in existence. Only 12 towns in England and Wales have 15th century maces. They are of silver parcel gilt with iron cores, but not all of the same length or date. They nevertheless form a set of exceedingly interesting character, as exemplifying the theory that the late civic mace is derived from an inverted war mace.
(а) The largest and oldest
is 16 inches long, and consists of a shaft divided into three sections by moulded rings surmounted by a bell-shaped bead with a cresting of four crosses and as many dig /yf and surrounded by 3 lions sejant. Above this is a short length of the shaft with 5 openwork flanges with scroll work built up of Hat strips of silver. On the end engraved seal fashion is arose derived from the town arms. At the other end of the mace is a coronet of 3 crosses and 3_/k*r /yj supporting a broad head or flat button encircled by a cresting of crosses andak (yj. On a raised cushion within the latter is a beaded ring enclosing a shield of France modern and England quarterly surmounted by a coronet of crosses and /yj with dragon and greyhound supporters, being the Royal Arms temp. Henry VII. There are no ball marks, but the date is 15th century.
(б) The Second Mace
is i4§ inches long, and of the same general type as that just described. The shaft is divided into four lengths by moulded rings, and is surmounted by a bell-shaped head, surrounded by three crowned lions sejant, and surmounted by a cresting of strawberry leaves. Above this are five open scroll work Manges of the same character and construction as the last mace described, and the end has a rose engraved seal fashion. The other end terminates in a broad flat button, originally crested with 15 leaves, and engraved with the arms, &c., of James. The mace itself is, however, of earlier date. There are no ball marks.
(c) The Third Mace
is 13^ inches long, the shaft is divided into 4 sections by moulded rings. It has a bell-shaped head, with three crowned lions sejant, but the original cresting is lost. Only two of the Ave flanges are original. The seal end is losL The other end is encircled by a cresting of leaves from which issued the broad button with the Royal Arms, but the original is unfortunately lost.
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