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´╗┐EARLS OF SOUTHAMPTON.
137
Titchfield, where a sumptuous monument erected to his memory is still extant. A portrait from a picture belonging to Lord Montagu of Beaulieu and an autograph document dated 154┬░ are exhibited, also some illustrations of Place House, Fitchfield, and the Wriothesley tomb, which will be found described in the Papers and Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club and Archseological Society.*
It is difficult to trace in Southampton's career anything beyond that of self-aggrandisement. He won the favour of Henry VIII. by lending himself to the King's nefarious designs. Under Cromwell he was a patron of the Reformers, and when Cromwell fell, and Henry adopted a reversionary policy, Wriothesley became the leader of the Romanizing party. Even then he sacrificed nothing to the cause, and, zealous Romanist as he was, few profited more extensively by the spoliation of the monasteries. He was married to Jane, daughter of William Cheney. His Countess survived him until 1574, and her effigy forms the central figure on the tomb at Titchfield, between those of her husband and her son. A manuscript book of prayers dedicated to her, containing some curious entries and remorseful expressions, was entrusted to the writer by Mr. Bernard Quaritch in 1895. Thomas Wriothesley had five daughters and three sons, of whom the only surviving son was
HENRY WRIOTIIESLEY, SECOND EARL OF SOUTHAMPTON OF THAT NAME.
He was born in 1545, and christened at St. Andrew's, Holborn, the King being one of his Godfathers, and succeeded to the title at the age of five. During his minority, in 1552, Edward VI. was entertained at Titchfield. When still under age, in 1565, he married Mary, daughter of Anthony Brown, Viscount Montagu, a member of a Roman Catholic family. In 1569 he entertained Queen Elizabeth at Titchfield. His Roman Catholic sympathies involved him in a scheme for marrying Mary, Queen of Scots, to the Duke of Norfolk, and with his father-in-law, Lord Montagu, he abetted the cruel rule of Alva in the Low Countries. H e questioned whether he could conscientiously obey Queen Elizabeth. His disloyalty led to his confinement in the Tower, and his plotting continued until his death at Ichell, in the parish of Crondall, in 1581, in his thirty-seventh year. He was buried 111 Titchfield Church, also his widow, who survived until the year 1607. His will, proved in 1583, gives minute directions for the conduct of his funeral, and the erection in the Parish Church of Titchfield of "Two faire monuments there to be made, the one for my lorde my father (whose bodye I would have broughte thither and there buried) and my Ladye my Mother
* Vol. I., p. 65; Vol. III., p. 317.
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