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way you may still see the letters T. M., and the date 1644. They are the initials of Thomas Mason, the Mayor in that year. The decay of the town was so great that a part even of the Norman Kings' former house was turned into a court for the habitations of some of the poorer people. It was then they began to live in the so-called King John's Palace. It was then, also, that an increase was allowed in the number of small habitations against the walls, on the walls, and in its turrets, the remains or results of which you may see in the street called Back of the Walls at the present day.
The whole of the decayed emblazonments of the shields which were once decorations on the north side of the Bargate, are of the Stuart period. I have lately heard of suggestions for restoring them. The stonework of the shields, however, is older, and if any restoration should be resolved on, we may at least hope it may be carried out in a true archaeological spirit, and not necessarily in imitation of 17th century work, to the permanent glorification of people of the Stuart age, all of whom certainly have little claim to be permanently remembered with gratitude in the present century.
The chief decoration of the south side of the Bargate above the middle arch, overlooking High Street, was for more than a century the statue of Queen Anne. When we come to the Hanoverian period we find abundant evidences of its influence in some of the houses of our present streets. We can trace the beginning of a new era in the town's history by the improved appearance of street architecture that began with the Georgian period. The name Hanover Buildings still reminds us of the coming in of a new dynasty, and of the line of sovereigns who, whatever else they may have been, were of the people's choice, and Kings by Act of Parliament. The old town walls were crumbling, the old towers (once full of armour and medieval weapons) were silent and deserted. The 17th century had gone, and the suburbs began to grow. A new gate was made in the old wall on the north, and named York Gate, in compliment to the Duke of York, one of the King's brothers.
It was in the time of George I. that the associations of Bevois Mount began, with the Earl of Peterborough and his literary friends. The names of the modern streets, Earl's Boad, Peterborough Boad, and Mordaunt Boad still remind us of that time. Lord Peterborough bought the small house at Bevois Mount, and adapted it to his own purposes. He called it his 11 romantic cottage''and his " amoret." His residence here certainly helped in inducing other people to settle in the neighbourhood, and in bringing visitors to the town. Bom antic indeed the town then must have been. When I think of Southampton as it then was, with its old gates and some of their portcullises still remaining, its old walls and towers in their medieval aspect, its quaint old streets with their historical associations, its old Castle Hill and keep and its beautiful surroundings, I am reminded of Conway and some other decayed old seaside walled
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