PP/GC/PO/372 Letter from Lord Ponsonby to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, concerning the praiseworthy actions of Baron Sturmer in his dealings with the Porte, 22 August 1839
Letter from John Ponsonby, first Viscount Ponsonby, [ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople], to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: the attempt to get a message from the Porte to the five powers, which he had feared had failed, has been achieved. Baron Sturmer was reinforced by Baron Hazar who arrived from Vienna, and they literally carried the point by storm. The strongest language was used to the Grand Vizier, and they refused to leave his house until the thing was settled. Sturmer and Hazar then met Nouri and Sarim, and after a "violent contest" with them and telling Nouri some unpleasant truths, they were driven to do the work immediately. This was necessary, for if it had been put off, Russia would have had time to interfere and defeat it all. Ponsonby is anxious to do justice to the internuncio himself, but it is really important that Palmerston should praise Sturmer's conduct to Prince Metternich, and that of his brother in law, Baron Hazar. Ponsonby has said in his despatch that this measure will kill the treaty of Unkiar Skelessi. It will have other important results, provided that current policy is continued: Ponsonby will point out particular things when necessary. Palmerston will receive, enclosed in a despatch, letters which passed between Admiral Stopford and Ponsonby. Ponsonby refused to enter into discussions about policy with Stopford in official letters and wishes to know the relative position between himself and Stopford. Does Stopford have any powers or authority from Palmerston which Ponsonby is not aware of ? Ponsonby has letters from Odessa as late as 17 August. No preparations are underway for an expedition to Turkey. Ponsonby did not agree with those who thought Russia would fight. He feared her money, intrigues and the effects of her blustering, but not her arms. "It is our business to make the rascally Ottoman ministers fear us as much as they have feared Russia whilst we at the same time treat them with the most punctilious civility in words." 22 Aug 1839 The letter is marked "Private and Confidential" and was written at 12 o'clock at night. It is noted that it was received on 13 September 1839.
Two papers
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Bartholomeus, Baron von Sturmer, internuncio or Austrian ambassador at Constantinople
Baron Hazar
Husrev Mehmed Pasha, alias Chossrew Muhammad Pasha, Turkish Grand Vizier
Muhammad Nouri Effendi, alias Mehmed Nuri Pasha, Turkish Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs
Ibrahim Sarim Effendi, former Turkish ambassador at London
Clemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lother, Prince of Metternich-Winneburg
Treaty of Unkiar Skelessi, or Hunkar Iskelsi, between Russia and Turkey, signed on 8 July 1833
Admiral Sir Robert Stopford, Commander in Chief of the Mediterranean fleet
Odessa: Russia
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