PP/GC/PO/195 Letter from Lord Ponsonby to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, concerning the intentions of Russia in Persia, the perception of differences between Ponsonby's attitude to the Russians in the East and that of Palmerston's has undermined Ponsonby, and the secret article of treaty between Turkey and Russia, 14 May 1834
Letter from John Ponsonby, second Baron Ponsonby, later first Viscount Ponsonby, [British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople], Therapia, to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: the news from Persia has made him decide to send off this letter although he has not yet heard from Alexandria [?concerning Candia], and he does not have enough time to say all that he wishes. He is sending Lord Grey a letter from Mr Frazer. Russia will hold sway in Turkey if they do so in Persia they will not rely upon England in Turkey. He has informed Colonel Campbell of Sir John Campbell's comments on the person who claims to be a messenger from Mehemet Ali to the Prince of Shiraz. He is getting on well with the Ministers of the Divan, although he has to push hard to put over his views on the Russians. He apologises in saying that he was upset at the government and Palmerston's own attitude towards Turkey. "Baron Sturmer told the Reis Effendi not to believe a word Lord Ponsonby said, not to mind anything he did against the Russians, that all such things proceeded from him and the British government were entirely satisfied with the conduct of Russia." [This quotation is underlined in pencil on the manuscript]. He heard this from the Reis Effendi personally, who would not want it to be known that he had told Ponsonby of it. Palmerston should send Ponsonby some written instructions which will show that Ponsonby has not diverted from the government line. The Russians have drawn up [this is underlined in pencil on the manuscript] Ponsonby's answer concerning the separate article of the treaty between Russia and Turkey. Ponsonby declined to comment when he was shown the answer, implying that Palmerston will on receipt reply to it. 14 May 1834 This letter is marked: "Private". It was received on the 1 June 1834.
Two papers, tied together with blue ribbon, punched for disinfection.
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Ottoman Empire, Sublime Porte, Turkey
Mahmud II, Ottoman Sultan
Candia: Crete, ruler, governorship, constitution
Charles Grey, second Earl Grey, British Prime Minister
Mr Frazer ?=James Baillie Fraser, travellor, special British envoy to Teheran
Muhammad Ali Pasha, alias Mehemet Ali, Viceroy or ruler of Egypt
Persia: Iran
Sir John Nicoll Robert Campbell, British consul general at Teheran
Lieutenant Colonel Patrick Campbell, British consul general and agent at Alexandria
Bartholomeus, Baron von Sturmer, internuncio or Austrian ambassador to Constantinople
Akif Muhammad Effendi, alias Akiff Mehmed Pasha, Reis Effendi or Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs
Treaty of Unkiar Skelessi or Hunkar Iskelesi between Russia and Turkey, signed on 8 July 1833 $$N
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