PP/GC/PO/167 Copy in French, of a letter from Frederick Pisani to Lord Ponsonby, concerning his meeting with the Reis Effendi to discuss the negotiations for the Russian-Turkish treaty, the retreat of Egyptian troops from Adana, Russian troops crossing the border into Turkey from Silistria, and the retaking of Servian territory by Prince Milos, 6 June 1833: contemporary copy
Copy of a letter, in French, from Frederick Pisani, dragoman to the British embassy, Constantinople, Pera, to John Ponsonby, second Baron Ponsonby, later first Viscount Ponsonby, [British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople], he is reporting an audience he had with the Reis Effendi that day. The Reis Effendi told him of a visit by Count Orloff and Monsieur Buteniev to Bouyugdere, the purpose of the visit was to reply to the compliment of Orloff when he invited the Reis to his summer ball when the ambassador made known his desire to help at the revue at Hunkiar Iskelssi. "The migraine of that which I am subject, said the Reis Effendi prevented him from making the ball and the review, and an unexpected accident intervened to my hand deprived him of the honour of accompanying the Sultan on board the Russian admiral's ship the previous Sunday." After that they had a conversation on the state of things without observing the order the order preferred by the Reis Effendi to speak of events of the day, Pisani was keen to express himself at the Reis's service. Halil Pasha had not yet arrived at Alexandria, but they still waited for the other [envoy]. The Egyptian army is en route to march on Adana we know they have left Cara Hissar. The troops cover four leagues a day. Ibrahim Pasha is too over excited to see the need to effect his retreat in a way that he avoids combat and in this respect they are happy. Two Russian officers have left to follow the traces of the Egyptians and they push without doubt, near to the area of Adana. He already expressed his way of thinking in this respect. He thinks that this measure is imperative, and that punishing Ibrahim Pasha was natural. The Russian object is fundamentally, not more sure of being done, but to prolong their presence here. A considerable corps of Russian troops have left for Silistria and have advanced into our territory, but the ambassador assured us that the ambassador received the order to make a stop, it was a little way, the order to Odessa did not embarking the troops which were destined for there. We know nothing positive on who passed to Odessa but he spread sinister reports on his departure of more troops for there. Several concurrent incidents cause are causing suspicion of the true intentions of Russia. The troubles that broke out in Servia, far from appeasing have a very serious character. The Servian population made war with the Muslims who were expelled from the areas that it was supposed to be integral parts of Servia. The [former] Grand Vezir, Izet Mehemet Pasha, now governor of Widen, prepared to make an expedition against the Servians, expecting that the five disputed districts will find them under the governorship of the Pasha, but the Prince of the Servians, Milosh, wrote him a threatening letter, asking him to stop. There is no doubt that the Russians rather than the Austrians have stirred up these troubles. The General Kisseleff wrote to Milosh and said to him asked him to add the matter of the reunion of the five districts, to the question of Servia, which was being negotiated between Russia and the Porte at Constantinople, (Milosh) was behaving badly in the manner in which he did, but this letter did not produce any effect (each is able to predict the cause) and the battle will continue. But here is big news that he confide to Ponsonby, the Count Orloff has said in the seraglio, Europe is occupied with a protocol whose object is to overthrow this Empire; and that the Porte and Russia must contract a strict alliance together. He has asked the Reis Effendi, first: in which states of Europe is the so called protocol is under discussion. Second: which are the inclination of the seraglio in this respect. The Reis Effendi replied to his first question, that the Count [Orloff] did not name the town which he is busy with the protocol, but he said the vague word "Europe". As to the discussions in the seraglio, he did not say anything he just ignored the matter. He has in hand the following reply to the signing of this alliance the Porte to stop the death. The Russians said after this, they are faithful allies, sincere friends, protectors, they are strong and [the Porte] is weak, and not able to defend itself, Russian and Porte interests are in common. Deliver to ? Russia the areas therefore, which will be defended against the common enemy, and they only deliver those areas and destroy the loss by the rest of that mad Sunday not for war of duty. His observations made a lively impression on the spirit of the Reis Effendi, who, after a moment of silence, spoke very flattering to him, he hopes that Ponsonby will not disapprove of the observations he made to the Reis Effendi, which he made out of a sincere conviction. 6 Jun 1833: contemporary copy
Three papers
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Akif Muhammad Effendi, alias Akiff Mehmed Pasha, Reis Effendi or Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs
Frederic Pisani, dragoman to the British embassy at Constantinople
Prince Alexis Feodorovich Orlov, alias Orloff, Russian ambassador extraordinary at Constantinople and Commander in Chief of Russian troops in the Ottoman empire
Apollinariy Petrovich Buteniev, alias Butenev, Russian envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Bouyukdire: Turkey
Treaty of Unkiar Skelessi or Hunkiar Iskelesi between Russia and Turkey, signed on 8 July 1833
Halil Mehmed Rifat Pasha, Kapudan Pasha or Grand Admiral
Ibrahim Pasha, leader of the invasion of Acre, son of Muhammad Ali Pasha, alias Mehemet Ali, Viceroy or ruler of Egypt
Adana: Turkey, captured by Ibrahim Pasha, granted to Mehemet Ali as part of Ottoman peace settlement in May 1833
Silistria or Silistra: Bulgaria
Odessa: Ukraine
Servia or Serbia
Izzet Mehmed Pasha, alias Izet Mehemet Pasha, former Ottoman Grand Vizier, governor of Widen
Widen or Viden: Turkey
Milosh, alias Michael Obrenovic, Prince, later King of Servia
General Kisseleff, Russian diplomat
Mahmud II, Ottoman Sultan
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