PP/GC/LE/118 Letter from Sir G.C.Lewis to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, on the appointment of factory inspectors, the proposed despatch of troops to China, and the activities of the Royal family at Balmoral, 9 October 1859
Letter from Sir George Cornewall Lewis, second Baronet, [Secretary of State for Home Affairs], Harpton [Court], Radnor, [Radnorshire, Wales], to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: Lewis encloses a letter [not present] referring to Mr Coles. Horner in his last half yearly report spoke of it as probably being his last. That has given rise to an immense number of applications for the office. Horner has neither written nor said anything to Lewis on the subject, so when he will resign is not known. Lord Shaftesbury requests the appointment of more sub-inspectors. Lewis believes the best arrangement might be to abolish one inspectorship and to appoint two sub-inspectors instead. Lewis has written to enquire about the Queen's wishes regarding R.Stewart. He will inform Palmerston on this matter when he receives a reply. "It will certainly be difficult for us to send fewer troops to China than the French, unless the superiority of our naval force can be allowed to count. I do not see the advantage of cavalry for such an expedition, and the transport of horses to the Gulf of ?Pekeli will be no easy matter. If we find that we are compelled to send out a large force in the winter, we shall have to reconsider seriously whether it will not be advisable to call Parliament together before Christmas. The House will agree readily beforehand, to what they would condemn if they are only consulted when the thing is done, and their consent cannot be withheld." He is delighted at the fracture of the great bell and hopes it will have no successor. No order should be given regarding this at present. Nothing significant occurred during Lewis's stay at Balmoral. "The Queen is wonderfully devoted to an outdoor life and to excursions to hills and lochs and moors. She cares very little for weather, and stays out from 11 or 12 o'clock till dinner time. Her strength and endurance are quite marvellous. The seclusion of Balmoral, and the consequent liberty which she enjoys, are highly agreeable to her. The Prince takes great pleasure in deer shooting, and seems almost engrossed with it. He shoots no grouse. I had a conversation with him one day about his brother's controversy with Rechberg. It seems to me that the best constitution of Germany would be to form one federation of Prussia, and the minor German states, and another federation of the existing Austrian empire. If Italy minus Venetia, could form a third federation, the scheme would be complete. I fear, however, that nothing but the persuasion of war, or domestic insurrection, could separate Austria from the rest of Germany, and resolve its provinces into portions of a federation. If this separation took place, there might be a danger that France and Austria would combine against Northern Germany." He asks if this question could be stated at a Congress. 9 Oct 1859
Three papers
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Mr Coles
Mr Horner
Anthony Ashley Cooper, seventh Earl of Shaftesbury,
Victoria, Queen of England
Patronage; honours; awards; knighthood
Gulf of Pekeli
Balmoral, Scotland
Prince Albert, Prince Consort
Ernest II, Duke of Coburg-Saxe and Gotha, elder brother of Prince Albert
Richberg- possibly Reichersberg, Austria
Anglo-Chinese relations
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