PP/GC/CA/277 Copy of a letter from Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, to Sir S.Canning, concerning the repatriation of Hungarian refugees of English extraction from Turkey, 16 October 1849: contemporary copy
Copy, in the hand of a secretary, of a letter from Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, Brocket, [Hertfordshire], to Sir Stratford Canning, [British ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at Constantinople]:<P> [Transcript]<P> "I write two lines as I find there is an opportunity by Marseilles. I am very glad you have obtained the release of the three Englishmen. The Turks had no right to deter them a single minute. I had a letter from Guyon. He descends, it seems, from a French family settled in Somersetshire. I have always heard that he was one of the most dashing Hungarian generals. The French government have joined us heartily in supporting the Sultan in this matter. They could not possibly have done otherwise; for even if they had [f.1v] had any doubt or hesitation themselves, the general feeling of every civilised man out of Vienna and St Petersburgh must have forced them to go hand in hand with us on this occasion. But I have no expectation that anything serious can arise out of this act of resolution on the part of the Sultan and his two allies. Austria we know would be most unwilling to engage again in war at the present time; and Russia has behind her a most expensive and exhausting campaign and before her a six or eight months' winter, when the Baltic will be frozen and military operation in Turkey most difficult, if not impossible, and as to a sudden attack of Constantinople from Sebastopol, the Turkish fleet in the [f.2r] Bosphoros and the troops round Constantinople backed by our own squadron near the Dardanelles put that out of the question. I hope the Porte will have sent away the big fish among the refugees and then the two courts will not think it worth while to squabble about the small fry. But all we hear as to the disposition of the two governments tends to make us expect that the Imperial government will make a retreat, though perhaps amidst the noise and smoke of angry notes."<P> 16 Oct 1849: contemporary copy <P> PP/GC/CA/198 and PP/GC/CA/287 also refer to General Guyon and the refugee question.
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Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Ottoman empire, Sublime Porte: defence, navy
Hungary, Magyars, invasion by Russia
Refugees, exiles, fugitives from Hungary in Turkey
Citizenship, nationality, English subjects
Poles, Poland; Polish uprising of 1830; Hungarian uprising of 1848
General Richard Guyon, Hungarian nationalist
French relations with England
Abdul Mejid, alias Abd al-Majid, Ottoman Sultan
Public opinion
Russia: defensive capabilities, climate, weather
Sebastopol, alias Sevastopol, Russia, later Ukraine
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