PP/GC/CA/266 Copy of a letter from Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, to Sir S.Canning, regarding the policy of the Sultan towards the Russians invading Wallachia, and Britain's relationship with the French in Turkey and Greece, 17 July 1848: contemporary copy
Copy, ?in the hand of a secretary, of a letter from Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, Foreign Office, [London], to Sir Stratford Canning, [British ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at Constantinople]:<P> [Transcript]<P> "I have not been able to write to you by this messenger about Greek affairs, but I will do so by the Mediterranean mail which starts from hence about the 26 and which will probably reach you as soon as this messenger.<P> I wait for further information about the entrance of the Russians into the Danube provinces before I can give you any instructions on that subject. I presume that the Turkish government are consenting, or at least acquiescing, [f.1v] parties and that the advance is solely to restore order and to confirm the authority of the Sultan, but they are troublesome visitors and the sooner they retire, the better. I find the French government very much disposed to act with us upon all foreign matters, especially in regard to Turkey and Greece, and so far as I have ascertained the views of Bastid, who is likely to remain for the present at the Foreign Office. He and I seem very much to agree in our general opinions. I think, therefore, that you will not find henceforward that spirit of antagonism towards England and that systematic ill will towards the Porte in the present French representative at Constantinople [f.2r] that lurked at the bottom of the heart of the agent of Louis Philippe. You will, of course, encourage any friendly overtures which the Frenchman may make to you and you may consider them as not merely coming from himself but as indications of the disposition of his government.<P> I mean to prepare drafts of instructions to yourself and to Lyons as to general principles of policy which I shall communicate confidentially to Bastide in order to see whether he would be disposed to write to the same effect to his agents at Constantinople and Athens. For the present, [f.2v] therefore, you will see that there is no likelihood of collision between France and England and that both governments are anxious to support the independence and integrity of the Turkish empire as a counterpoise against any undue preponderance of the Sultan's northern neighbour. But to do justice to the Emperor of Russia, I must say that I do not at all believe that his present policy would lead him to any measure at variance with the principles on which England and France wish to act in regard to the integrity of Turkey and the main difference between him [f.3r] and as will probably be found to be [is] that he looks with dread, while we look with favour, upon internal improvements in Turkey and its dependencies."<P> 17 Jul 1848: contemporary copy <P> The first paragraph has been crossed through in pencil with "Insert" added in pencil at the head of the letter, possibly in the hand of Palmerston.
Two papers
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Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Wallachia, Rumania, Hungary
Jules Bastide, French Minister for Foreign Affairs
Abdul Mejid, alias Abd al-Majid, Ottoman Sultan
Turkey, Ottoman empire, Sublime Porte: tanzimat, westernisation
General Aupick, French ambassador at Constantinople
Edmond, Baron de Bourqueney, French attache at Constantinople
Louis Philippe, former King of the French
Theobold Piscatory, French minister plenipotentiary at Athens
Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia
Russian relations with Turkey
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