PP/GC/CA/239 Letter from Sir S.Canning to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, concerning the standing of Artim Bey in official circles, the financial state of Porte, the Sultan's opinion of Egyptian railway plans and Hungarian refugees in Turkey, 5 June 1851
Letter from Sir Stratford Canning, [British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople], Therapia, [Turkey], to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: [Transcript] "I was rather annoyed to find Artin Bey at the enormous dinner given by the Sultan, or rather in the Sultan's name, a few days ago to the hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg. His presence was anything but [f.1v] appropriate and, heard of in Egypt, it may alarm and irritate the Viceroy. I expressed my surprize to Reschid, and he could only say that the invitations had been very numerous, and that Artin Bey had been only invited according to the rank which he had obtained in Egypt. I continue to hope that every essential point relating to [f.2r] that country will be in time satisfactorily arranged without more disturbance then what belongs to adverse discussions. This ought to be the result of a temperate, straitforward course of conduct on our side operating beneficially on both parties. The sands of Egypt are able to hatch eggs, I believe, and the heat engendered there appears to have been transformed in some [f.2v] degree to the pending questions. I have been obliged to scold Reschid soundly of late on more matters than one. The finances above all are in a bad plight, and without relief of some kind there may easily be a smash. One of the ministers assured me the other day that within six months there would be infallibly a severe and dangerous [f.3r] crisis. Reschid is very susceptible about the railway. The Sultan's dignity is thought to be concerned and that is always a stalking horse with him. He says that Musurus writes word that you allow no right whatever to the Sultan of interfering about railways. He also reports that you see [f.3v] no reason to comply with Abbas's demand for a larger army. These declarations of opinion coming through Musurus interfere a good deal with my proceedings here. Kossuth writes to me in high indignation; but I think he will be glad enough [f.4r] to take wing with the partridges, and only fears a change betwixt cup and lip. I am in hopes that your acknowledgement of my dispatch regarding the final decision will enable me to clench that decision so as to preclude any possibility, if any there be, of a relapse under Austrian influence." 5 Jun 1851 The letter is marked: "Private".
Two papers, and tied together with blue cotton.
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Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Turkey; Ottoman empire; Sublime Porte: economy, finances, reform
Abdul Mejid, alias Abd al-Majid, Ottoman Sultan
Artim Bey, alias Artin Bey, former Egyptian Minster for Foreign and Commercial Affairs
Great Britain: relations with Turkey
Great Britain: relations with Egypt
Abbas Pasha, Viceroy or Pasha of Egypt
Paul Frederic Auguste, hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Reschid Mustapha Pasha, alias Reshid Mustafa Pasha, Grand Vizier
Egypt: transport, train, railways, army, troops, soldiers
Constantine Musurus, alias Masurus, Turkish ambassador at London
Louis Kossuth, alias Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian nationalist
Refugees, exiles, fugitives from Hungary
Turkey: relations with Austria
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