PP/GC/CA/233 Letter from Sir S.Canning to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, concerning Turkish reforms, the precarious position of Reschid Pasha with the Porte, the admission of some Austrian states into the German confederation, and the policy towards Egypt, 6 March 1851
Letter from Sir Stratford Canning, [British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at] Constantinople, to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: although Reschid Pasha is unwell, Canning hopes he will recover soon thanks to the leeching and bleeding which he is undergoing. Reschid has confided in Canning that he does not think the Sultan will implement reforms unless forced: any progress so far has been achieved because the Sultan fears Canning. Reschid suggests that the leading Christian powers put pressure on the Sultan to push for civil rights throughout the empire. Palmerston knows the feelings of the other leaders and can assess how feasible this will be. Canning's own opinion of this proposal has already been given to Palmerston. Reschid Pasha recently had a disagreement with the Sultan and asked in his temper, to resign. Canning is worried that the Sultan is weak and too much influenced by Fethi Ahmed, his brother-in-law, "who is very fond of money and by no means rich in wit". Dembinsky is in Constantinople, which has upset the interests of Kossuth, the leader of the Hungarian refugees. Kossuth has written to Canning about this. Kossuth does not seem to comprehend his position, "he confounds our humanity with our policy and our policy towards his country with out policy towards the refugees". Canning has done as much as possible for the release of the Hungarians. Canning has learned that Kossuth has been indiscreet enough to sign a protest against the admission of the Austrian non-German states into the German confederacy. If the document comes into the public domain, Kossuth's prospects for release will be diminished. Reschid wants Palmerston's opinion on how the German confederacy will affect the Porte. The French and the Turks "are playing into each others hands for the ejection of Abbas from Egypt". Reschid's actions during the Syrian campaign and after Abbas's appointment seem to show that he does not wish the French to have influence over Egypt. Aupick seems to be suspicious that this is the case. Canning has heard nothing from Alexandria about the armaments or about Abbas writing to the four consuls. "If Reschid means more than calling the Viceroy to order, he is playing a very dishonest part towards me in the teeth of what he knows from me of your views." As Canning no longer has an accessible steamer he cannot send at once to Cairo to try and clarify the situation. 6 Mar 1851 The letter is marked: "Private".
Three papers
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Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Turkey; Ottoman empire; Sublime Porte: economy, finances, reform
Reschid Mustapha Pasha, alias Reshid Mustafa Pasha, Grand Vizier
Aali Pasha, alias Ali Pacha, Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs
Great Britain: relations with Turkey
Abdul Mejid, alias Abd al-Majid, Ottoman Sultan
Medicine, illness, blood letting
Damat Ahmed Fethi Pasha, brother-in-law of the Ottoman Sultan
Refugees, exiles, fugitives from Hungary in Turkey
Louis Kossuth, alias Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian nationalist
General Henryk Dembinski or Dembinsky, Polish nationalist
Turkey: relations with Egypt
Great Britain: relations with Egypt
France: relations with Egypt
Abbas Pasha, Viceroy or Pasha of Egypt
General Jacques Aupick, French ambassador at Constantinople
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