PP/GC/CA/224 Letter from Sir S.Canning to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, concerning his memorandum on reform for the Ottoman empire, the departure of his secretary from Constantinople, and Arliottis' passport, October 5 1850
Letter from Sir Stratford Canning, [British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople], Therapia, [Turkey], to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: Reschid Pasha and his close circle are to discuss Canning's memorandum on reform and will probably support it, whilst the Sultan's brothers-in-law will oppose it. A decision on the memorandum will be made before the end of October and, whatever it is, the Sultan will want to show that it was made by his ministers rather than by himself. Reschid's hold in power is not strong and he is not supported by some of his colleagues, who may well conspire to remove him from office. Canning is conscious that if Reschid goes, then his reforms will be unlikely to be carried out. Even those who support the reforms are irresolute: "I am equally afraid of pushing them too far, and of leaving them too soon to their fears." As Palmerston probably already knows, George Jerningham has left for his new post as secretary of the British embassy at Paris. "I inclose Arliottis' passport mentioned in my ostensible dispatch respecting that individual, who is, in truth, such a scamp that if he had been less sure of being hanged for his politics I should have given him up for his rogueries." 5 Oct 1850 This letter is marked: "Private", and Palmerston has written in pencil at the end of the letter: "Put on record".
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Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Turkey; Ottoman empire; Sublime Porte
Damad Mehemet Ali Pasha, brother-in-law of the Ottoman Sultan
Damat Ahmed Fethi Pasha, brother-in-law of the Ottoman Sultan
Abdul Mejid, alias Abd al-Majid, Ottoman Sultan
Tanzimat; Turkish reform movement; westernisation
Reschid Mustapha Pasha, alias Reshid Mustafa Pasha, Grand Vizier
George Sulyarde Stafford Jerningham, former secretary of the British embassy at Constantinople
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