Title:
PP/GC/CA/203 Letter from Sir S.Canning to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, concerning Palmerston's speech in the House of Commons mentioning Canning, Christian evidence in criminal proceedings in Egypt, and Egyptian politics, 7 March 1850
Date:
07/03/1850
Content:
Letter from Sir Stratford Canning, [British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at] Constantinople, to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: he thanks Palmerston for praising him in his speech in the House of Commons in reply to Lord Dudley Stuart's motion [on the Polish and Hungarian refugees in Turkey]. He had hoped to include in this letter news of a firman to be issued on Christian criminal jurisdiction in Egypt, which Canning has been discussing with Reschid Pasha. All the points which Palmerston wanted were added to it, as were some others in the same spirit. It will probably apply to the whole Ottoman empire rather than just Egypt. The delay is because the Mufti will not agree to exclude the law of the Koran from the text of the firman. "I am greatly mistaken if the affairs of Egypt do not exhibit before long some interesting phenomena. I had a private conversation this morning with Kiamil Pasha, the exiled and half divorced husband of Mehemet Ali's daughter. He was sent to me by the Grand Vizier with a long statement of grievences against the new Viceroy, the foremost of them being his forced separation from his wife. My impression is that His Highness will shortly be called to account on that subject, and that the intention is to get rid of him, and to put Seid Pasha in his place. I will write to you ostensibly upon the subject as soon as I can obtain a distinct view of the Portes's real design, and of it ultimate object." Kiamil Pasha is of the same frame of mind as ?Sumi Pasha, whom Palmerston knows well. Kiamil is no friend of Artim Bey, who has now departed for Egypt and who professes goodwill towards England. Canning is sceptical about such profession, "but as long as his interests do not clash with ours, I presume that he may be trusted". Canning has accordingly recommended Artim to Mr Murray. Artim seems reasonable on the subject of criminal jurisdiction [Christian evidence]; he is in Constantinople to arrange some financial claims and to justify the Viceroy's proceedings against Kiamil Pasha. "It is not unlikely that his negotiations extended other more interesting matters, but if so, they did not transpire, and I have not thought it prudent to show much curiosity on the subject." 7 Mar 1850 This letter is marked: "Private". Correspondence between Lord Dudley Stuart and Palmerston on the subject of the Hungarian refugees is numbered PP/GC/ST/144-50.
Extent:
Two papers $$N ADDREFS The debate in the House of Commons is reported in HANSARD third series, vol. 108, pp. 496-9.
License:
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Subject:
Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Turkey; Ottoman empire; Sublime Porte
Hungary, Magyars: invasion by Russia
Refugees, exiles, fugitives from Hungary
Lord Dudley Coutts Stuart, Member of Parliament for Marylebone
Reschid Mustapha Pasha, alias Reshid Mustafa Pasha, Grand Vizier
Arif Hikmet Bey Effendi, Mufti
Egypt, religion, Islam, jurisdiction, Christian evidence, law, seriat
Tanzimat; Turkish reform movement; westernisation
Hussein Kiamil, alias Kamil Pasha, husband of Ein El Hayat, the daughter of Ibrahim Pasha and grand daughter of the late Muhammad Ali, alias Mehemet Ali, Pasha of Egypt
Abbas Pasha, alias Abbas Hilmi, Ottoman governor or Viceroy of Egypt
Sayd Pasha, alias Seid or Said Pasha
Artim Bey or Artin Bey, `homme de confiance' of the Viceroy of Egypt, Egyptian Minster for Foreign and Commercial Affairs
Sir Charles Augustus Murray, British consul general in Egypt
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