PP/GC/CA/192 Letter from Sir S.Canning to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, sending a copy of the second article of the treaty of Kainarji, 24 November 1849
Letter from Sir Stratford Canning, [British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople], Therapia, [Turkey], to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: he has obtained from Aali Pasha a copy of the second article of the treaty of Kainarji, and encloses it, together with a translation from the Turkish made by his dragoman, Frederick Pisani [not present]. "I have bewildered myself with vain attempts to reconcile the last with the first clause of the article. The only guess at a meaning which I can make is that the alternative applies to political offenders, and that extradition without an alternative applies to ordinary criminals." So glaring a contradiction should not prevent discretionary powers. Discretionary powers are supported by general practice as well as laws of natural humanity. Only when these questions of extradition have been agreed should the squadron be withdrawn from the Dardanelles. The squadron gives the Porte both courage and levering power for independence. Since the ministry fell in Paris, the French ambassador, General Aupick, has had no instructions and will not be able to allow the French squadron to move from the Gulf of Smyrna. There is a rumour that Aupick is to be recalled, which both Canning and Aupick himself will be sorry to see happen. "He [Aupick] is thoroughly honest, and much quieter and more unpretending than the generality of his countrymen." Aupick is sometimes not happy at Canning's greater influence but he bears him no malice and Canning would be grateful if Palmerston could use any power he has to keep Aupick in post. 24 Nov 1849 This letter is marked: "Private"
Two papers, punched with holes for disinfection
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Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Turkey; Ottoman empire; Sublime Porte
Hungary: invasion by Russia
Refugees, exiles, fugitives from Hungary
Ali Pasha, alias Aali Pasha, Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs
Frederick Pisani, first dragoman and secretary to the British embassy at Constantinople
Treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji of 1774: extradition of Russians from Turkish territory
General Jacques Aupick, French ambassador at Constantinople
Smyrna, later Izmir, Turkey
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