PP/GC/CA/184 Letter from Sir S.Canning to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, concerning the Russian invasion of Transylvania, disturbances in Egypt, review of Ottoman troops by Sultan, actions of the Russian envoy at the Porte and the Sultan's letter to the Queen, 19 June 1849
Letter from Sir Stratford Canning, [British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople], Therapia, [Turkey], to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: [Transcript] "Mr Colquhoun writes word the Russians under Suders were to make for Transylvania on the 13th. There is a rumour here that they have crossed the frontier, but I do not believe it, though by this time the fact may be so. Aali Pasha, to whom I have communicated other statements from Bucharest, [f.1v] denies all knowledge of Walachian volunteers preparing to march with the Russians, and of a clandestine sale of condemned muskets carried on between the Turkish and Hungarian agents. The two Russian steamers sent up the Danube appear to have returned. There is a rumour that we are shortly to have another special officer from the Emperor of Russia; but I am not able to trace it to any authentic source. The Porte professes to know nothing of it. Things are beginning to assume a [f.2r] serious aspect in Egypt, though I do not apprehend any immediate danger of disturbances, if the language of Reschid Pasha may be trusted on such a subject. I hope to write to you officially on that question by an early opportunity. The Sultan meditates a grand review of nearly 60,000 troops of all kinds, now stationed about Constantinople. After the review, as I am given to understand, the original plan of establishing camps in Bulgaria and near Adrianople will be carried into execution. Reschid is bent, I think, on keeping himself in a state of preparation for events [f.2v] and, in spite of numbers, the report of sickness, disorder and ignorance in the Russian ranks act powerfully on Turkish imaginations. General Aupic has given in a memorial for the improvement of the ports of the Bosphorus. Reschid means to prevent suspicion by improving the fortification of the Dardanelles also. Titoff has blown up Reschid for allowing Major Browne and his colleague, Baron Spleney, to occupy a house belonging to some dependant of his. Reschid was possibly ignorant of the fact, though he has an evident partiality for the [f.3r] Magyars, as deadly haters of Russia, and the envoys in passe have been shifted into a less exceptionable place of abode. Mehemet Pasha writes to his government that you were satisfied on the whole, and Lord John Russell decidedly pleased, with General Grabbe's `act'. In ignorance of the facts, I can neither confirm nor contradict His Excellency's statement. Reschid and Aali communicated privately to me the Sultan's letter to the Queen, but I thought it unbecoming for me, under the circumstances, to have anything to do with [f.3v] it, though, in truth, I was not sorry to observe so marked an indication of their feelings originating from beyond the embassy, and showing due sense of what had been done for them." 19 Jun 1849 The letter is marked: "Private" and arrived in London on 5 July 1849.
Three papers
All images are copyright. Please contact Archives@soton.ac.uk if you wish to reproduce this material
Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Turkey; Ottoman empire; Sublime Porte
Robert Gilmour Colquhoun, British consul general at Bucharest
Hungary, Magyars: relations with Russia
Romania; Transylvania Danubian principalities; Walachia or Wallachia
Ali Pasha, alias Aali Pasha, Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs
General Suders, commander of the Russian troops invading Transylvania
Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia
Abdul Mejid, alias Abd al-Majid, Ottoman Sultan
Reschid Mustapha Pasha, alias Reshid Mustafa Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier
Muhammad Ali alias Mehemet Ali, Pasha of Egypt; his late son and regent, Ibrahim Pasha
General Jacques Aupick, French ambassador at Constantinople
Vladimir Pavlovich Titov, alias Titoff or Titow, Russian envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Field Marshal Louis, Baron de Spleny, Hungarian nationalist, formerly Captain of the Royal Noble Guard
Major John P.Browne, American charge d'affaires at Constantinople
?Muhammad Pasha, alias Mehemet Pasha, Turkish ambassador at London
Lord John Russell, later first Earl Russell, Prime Minister
General Grabbe, Russian envoy at Constantinople, on a special mission to negotiate on the Danubian principalities
Victoria, Queen of England
Facebook Twitter Stumbleupon Delicious Digg RSS