PP/GC/CA/183 Letter from Sir S.Canning to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, concerning the pressure being put upon the Sultan to change his allegiance from France and Britain to Russia, 5 April 1849
Letter from Sir Stratford Canning, [British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople], Constantinople, [Turkey], to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: great effort is being made to persuade the Sultan that his best interests lie with Russia, not with England and France. As yet, the Sultan has not changed his mind. But the work is being done by those in the palace and Reschid Pasha is ill at ease. Canning has nothing more to suggest; Palmerston is fully conversant with Canning's thoughts on this matter. "I have only to say that with all your moral support the game we are playing here is a most difficult one and if the Sultan should escape us once more there would be an end of every prospect of improvement and the influence of embassy would be proportionally impaired." Canning has worked very hard to achieve reforms without much success and now "the times and the circumstances are anything but auspicious". It is discouraging to have lost touch with the admiral and his squadron. Canning's French colleague is rather unassertive; he does not back up Canning's efforts to encourage the Porte. It may be better to wait for more positive news from St Petersburg. It is unlikely that Palmerston will be able to send him instructions in less than ten or eleven days. The internuncio has apparently communicated a letter from Vienna to Reschid Pasha to the effect that the Porte's current policy "will throw Austria into the arms of Russia". Canning thinks that this has already happened. 5 Apr 1849 The letter is marked: "Private"
One paper $$N ADDREFS A copy of this letter is in the Stratford Canning papers at the Public Record Office: FO/352/32
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Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Turkey; Ottoman empire; Sublime Porte; Constantinople
Abdul Mejid, alias Abd al-Majid, Ottoman Sultan
Reschid Mustapha Pasha, alias Reshid Mustafa Pasha, Grand Vizier
Admiral Sir William Parker, Commander in Chief of the Mediterranean
Russia: relations with the Ottoman empire; Turkey
France: relations with the Ottoman empire; Turkey
Reform, westernisation, tanzimat
General Jacques Aupick, French ambassador at Constantinople
Bartholomeus, Baron von Sturmer, internuncio or Austrian ambassador at Constantinople
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