PP/GC/CA/180 Letter from Sir S.Canning to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, concerning disagreements between the Ottoman Porte and Russia over actions taken in Wallachia, 4 November 1848
Letter from Sir Stratford Canning, [British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople], Therapia, [Turkey], to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: [Transcript] "I have learnt, by a message from Aali Pasha this morning, that a long and angry despatch from Count Nesselrode has been communicated to him by the Russian legation today. In substance it accuses the Porte of playing booty with the Walachian revolutionalists, [f.1v] complains in particular of Fuad Effendi, because he objected to the entrance of the Russian army into Walachia, and insists upon his being ordered to act in concert with General Duhamel, and to institute proceedings against the leaders and abettors of the late revolution. Reschid appears to be as much disconcerted by this dispatch, as Aali was by Titoff's note. One would think that they are too much committed to give way now. Yet they have no reliance on the Sultan's firmness, and Callimachi's report of a conversation with [f.2r] you appears to have taken the wind out of the sails with which your last messenger supplied me in the shape of an instruction approving and supporting my language about the principalities with a hint, if necessary, to appeal eventually to the powers of Europe. The Sultan is evidently afraid of a collision, and would be glad to have the promise of a visit from Sir William Parker and his fleet against the contingency of a Russian aggression. The Captain Pasha told me the other day that he did not know what might happen in the spring. In diplomacy [f.2v] they want to have some positive assurance of support in the event of Russia persisting, without compromise, in its present plan of persecution, punishment, continued occupation, depletion of the inhabitants, and denial of reform. If you could act more powerfully on the Russian conscience itself, I think it would be taken kindly in the seraglio. My advice to the Porte is always the same: Don't risk a quarrel with Russia as long as you can avoid it without \ serious / loss or dishonor. Be faithful to your treaties, maintain [f.3r] your moral position quietly and firmly, and, even when co-occupying, keep your troops separate, and, if possible, at some distance from the Russians." 4 Nov 1848 This letter is marked: "Private".
Two papers, punched with holes for disinfection.
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Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Ali Pasha, alias Aali Pasha, Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs
Turkey; Ottoman empire; Sublime Porte; Constantinople
Karl Robert, Count Nesselrode, Russian Minister for Foreign Affairs
Russia: relations with Ottoman empire
Walachia or Wallachia, Romania, Hungary, Balkans, Danube, Serbia or Servia, principalities, revolution
Fuad Mehemed Pasha, alias Fuat Pasha, Turkish commissioner to the principalities
General Alexander Duhamel, Russian commissioner to the principalities
Reschid Mustapha Pasha, alias Reshid Mustafa Pasha, Grand Vizier
Vladimir Pavlovich Titov, alias Titoff or Titow, Russian ambassador at Constantinople
Abdul Mejid, alias Abd al-Majid, Ottoman Sultan
Prince Callimachi or Kallimachi, Turkish ambassador at London
Admiral Sir William Parker, Commander in Chief of the Mediterranean
Constantine Henry Phipps, first Marquis of Normanby, British ambassador at Paris
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