PP/GC/CA/116 Letter from Sir S.Canning to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, concerning negotiations over Portugal, 17 December 1832
Letter from Sir Stratford Canning, [British minister on an extraordinary mission to Spain], Paris, to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: he had thought that negotiating the borders of Greece with the Sublime Porte was the most impossible of negotiations, but this is worse: "the enigma of the two Dons beats it hollow. The little glimmering of hope with which I allowed myself to be seduced in London is extinguished here and the only difference between friends and adversaries is that the former are prepared to lament the failure which the latter are bent upon producing." Canning had a long conversation with his old acquaintance, Pozzo di Borgo, who supports Don Miguel and who fears that the British might lead France into a position they had not intended. Canning thinks that this fear would be realised if they opposed the present overture. "It is possible that the dread of a joint proposal from France and England may reconcile him [Pozzo] to my negotiating with the support of the French minister at Madrid." The general feeling in Paris is that counteraction will come from the northern powers, and Zea's circular [?of 3 December 1832] and Ofalia's talks are unlikely to stop it. Canning intends to leave Paris on Wednesday [19 December], and will write to Palmerston again before he does so. Canning finds no "comfort" about the quarantine situation. He asks Palmerston to reconsider his instruction that Canning go on to Lisbon in case of failure [in negotiations] at Madrid while the contending parties in Portugal remained at odds. The journey will be very difficult, not one to do for nothing. "If a mere evacuation of Oporto were to be affected under British mediation, Lord William Russell is already supplied with the necessary instructions for that service. If any intrigue were to take place at Lisbon with a view to the subversion of Don Miguel, it is certainly not a British ambassador who would be called upon to take part in it." Canning hopes that Palmerston will bear these ideas in mind. 17 Dec 1832 This letter is marked: "Private" and arrived in London on 20 December 1832.
Two papers, tied together with a blue ribbon.
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Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British minister on an extraordinary mission to Spain
Portugal: politics
Dom Miguel, declared Miguel I, King of Portugal
Dom Pedro, formerly Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil; formerly Pedro IV, King of Portugal: promoting interests of his daughter, Dona Maria, later Maria II da Gloria, Queen of Portugal
Charles Andre, Comte Pozzo di Borgo, Russian ambassador at Paris
Francois Maximilien Gerard, Comte de Rayneval, French ambassador at Madrid
Francisco Zea Bermudez, Spanish Prime Minister
Narcisco de Heredia, Conde de Ofalia
Major General Lord George William Russell, British minister on a special mission to Portugal
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