PP/GC/CA/105 Letter from Sir S.Canning to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, regarding negotiations with the Sublime Porte on the borders of Greece and the Porte's relations with European powers, 17 May 1832
Letter from Sir Stratford Canning, [British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary on a special mission to Constantinople], Therapia, to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: he has not received anything from Palmerston and has very little to add to his official despatches in this letter. Palmerston will understand that the modes of Turkish diplomacy keep him in Turkey rather than Canning's own inclinations: "I am heartily tired of being kept here"; he hopes, however, to be able to leave by the middle of June. The internuncio had a meeting with the Porte two weeks previously and told them that the Sultan should keep on good terms with the "great powers" on the Greek question: this is according to a report Monsieur Boutenieff received from the internuncio. "I rather think [the internuncio] is in negotiation with the Porte for the cession of a slice of territory somewhere near Ragusa. This circumstance may have reconciled his master [Metternich] to our views of conquest on the side of Greece." Canning observes that the representatives of Russia and Austria are in constant communication. Lamb and Lord Heytesbury can probably explain this. Boutenieff has at last had his meeting with the Reis Effendi. They discussed points arising from the treaty of Adrianople and the convention of Petersburg, money, Servia and the principalities. Turkey does not have much money and probably hopes to pay the previous year's indemnity [to Russia], thirty million piastres, out of "our long talked of equivalent. Depend upon it, they will want to realign as fast as possible". Canning has not told his colleagues about his secret dealings with the Sublime Porte and so far there have been no problems though the process is secret and very slow. "I am sometimes led to suspect our French colleague [Varrenne] of risking a venture in the same line" but it is to be hoped that he will not again hint to the Turkish ministers that they may hope for an equivalent to the amount of two and a half million ducats. It is difficult to know what to make of the situation in Greece. "It seems that the last protocol arrived just in time to save Count Augustino's neck." The Russians are not happy with the situation. Money is very short at Nauplia. The London Conference could give some help in this matter: "we are not at liberty to draw the purse strings, though if you [Palmerston] were yourself on the spot, you might perhaps do it for them. It can never be your intention to let them sink, till the Prince [Otto] has been fairly tried." Canning is happy to see the continuance of peace elsewhere. With Belgium and Ancona settled, there is less likelihood of a dispute respecting Spain. The second reading of the reform bill in the House of Lords is also reason for congratulation, although with only a majority of nine and with speeches such as Lord Harrowby's about that of Lord Wharncliffe, it will be difficult to get through the third reading without creating more peers. 17 May 1832 This letter is marked: "Private" and was received on 5 June 1832.
Two papers
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Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary on a special mission to Constantinople
London Conference of the three powers: France, Great Britain and Russia
Greek borders settlement
Turkey; Ottoman empire; Sublime Porte
Mahmud II, Ottoman Sultan
Sulieman Neschib Effendi, alias Suleyman Necib Bey, Reis Effendi or Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs
Ragusa, Austria, later Dubrovnik, Croatia
Akif Effendi or Akif Pasha
Baron F.Ottenfels Schwind, internuncio or Austrian ambassador at Constantinople
Apollinariy Petrovich Boutenieff, alias Buteniev or Butenev, Russian envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at Constantinople
Clemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar, Prince Metternich Winneburg, Chancellor of Austria
William Lamb, second Viscount Melbourne, Secretary of State for Home Affairs
Sir William A'Court, second Baronet, first Baron Heytesbury, British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary at St Petersburg
Treaty of Adrianople
Servia, Macedonia, Greece
Relations between Turkey and Russia
M. de Varrenes, French charge d'affaires at Constantinople
Prince Otto, alias Otho, of Bavaria, later Otto I, or Otho I, King of Greece
Greek government: finances, economy
Agostino, Count Capodistrias, head of Greek provisional government
Nauplia, later Navplion, Greece
Greek protocol
Greece: civil war
Belgium: independence; partition of the Netherlands
Protocol between Austria, France, Britain, Prussia and Russia to settle the dispute between Holland and Belgium
Ancona, occupation by the French in January 1832
Ferdinand VII, King of Spain #date=17/05/1832
Maria Cristina, Queen of Spain #date=17/05/1832
Great Britain: parliamentary reform; reform bill; parliament; franchise; electorate, peerages
Dudley Ryder, first Earl of Harrowby
James Archibald Stuart Wortley Mackenzie, first Baron Wharncliffe
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