Title:
PP/GC/CA/101 Letter from Sir S.Canning to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston, regarding the progress of negotiations at Constantinople about Greece, and Russia's relationship with the Sublime Porte, 28 March 1832
Date:
28/03/1832
Content:
Letter from Sir Stratford Canning, [British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary on a special mission to Constantinople], Constantinople, to Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston: he congratulates Palmerston on carrying reform through the House of Lords without having to create more peers "The measure was never to my taste, and surely you will stand better with the country by doing without it." Palmerston's messenger has arrived at a very good point as the Turks and the Greeks, according to Mr Dawkins, look likely to be pleased with Prince Otto as sovereign for Greece. With the help of troops and money and given "a sensible, firm, straight forward regent or tutor ... Greece may yet become a respectable kingdom". Canning regrets that the residents have not ensured that Greece was calmer before Otto arrived. The last protocols on Greece helped but were too late. Canning hopes to be able to help Prince Otto by getting the best settlement of the borders of Greece with Turkey. There is to be an attempt for Volos and Arta to be within the Greek border but Canning has little hope of this, though he does hope to expand the borders. The Turks reckon on a compromise; the Russians are still acting suspiciously, the evidence against them grows but what can be done to stop the "evil" ? Canning has been working on the Greek frontier question including conducting secret communications with men of influence. He has information from a report he has seen from Seraskier Pasha, whom he saw the previous week, to the "Commander of the Faithful" [?Mufti]. The day after next, [30 March 1832], Canning has been invited to visit the Reis Effendi secretly and Canning suspects he wants to talk about an alliance. Some Turks say there must be alliance, whether it is with Russia or England. Canning will listen, but what "baits" may he hold out to the Turks ? If anything of importance happens in the meeting, Canning will send a supplement to this letter. There is an absurd report that a Russian squadron is to come down to Constantinople: this may merely mean that some vessels may come into the ports of the Black Sea to sail against pirates on the eastern coast. There was recently an altercation between an Austrian armed vessel and several of the pirates. "It appears that the Russian officer on the neighbouring station wrote to thank the Austrian captain for his spirited conduct." Mr Barker of Alexandria has confided in Canning his suspicions of the French consul there who is "largely mixed up with the Pasha's schemes of aggrandizement". Canning has not heard of this from anyone else but he has informed Lord Granville and he will probably pass on Canning's letter to Palmerston, if he knows any more about the matter. The `Barham' has arrived in Constantinople and the 'Actaeon' has been sent back to Admiral Hotham; the new ship is beautiful and impresses the Turks. Palmerston's private letter to Canning was full of political information and Canning hopes that he can live up to his trust and negotiate for Volos and Arta to be within Greece. Canning does not know how long the settlement will take but hopes it will not be long, as there are rumours that the plague is spreading. 28 Mar 1832 This letter is marked: "Private". It is the reply to a letter from Palmerston to Canning of 20 February 1832 numbered PP/GC/CA/253. Related letters can be found in the correspondence of John Mandeville, numbered PP/GC/MA/218, PP/GC/MA/219, PP/GC/MA/220, PP/GC/MA/221.
Extent:
Two papers
License:
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Subject:
Sir Stratford Canning, later first Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, British ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary on a special mission to Constantinople
Ottoman Egyptian war, invasion of Syria by Muhammad Ali, alias Mehemet Ali, Pasha of Egypt
Ibrahim Pasha
Vice Admiral Sir Henry Hotham, Commander in Chief of the Mediterranean fleet
Granville Leveson Gower, first Viscount Granville, British ambassador at Paris
John Barker, British consul general at Alexandria
Jasendschi Sade Efendi, Mufti
Sulieman Neschib Effendi, alias Suleyman Necib Bey, Reis Effendi or Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs
Husrev Mehmed Pacha, alias Chossrew Muhammad Pasha, Seraskier, military commander in Constantinople
Parliamentary reform, reform bill, franchise, electorate, peerages
Edward James Dawkins, British resident and consular agent in Greece
Prince Otto, alias Otho, of Bavaria, later Otto I, or Otho I, King of Greece
Treaty of London between France, Great Britain and Russia
London Conference of the three powers: France, Great Britain and Russia
Greek borders settlement; Greek protocol
Poros settlement of France, Great Britain and Russia, recommending the border of Greece from Arta to Volos or Zeitun, originally including Candia or Crete and Samos, as a basis of negotiation, 1828
Turkey; Ottoman empire; Sublime Porte
Relations between Turkey and Russia
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