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APPENDIX D. —JEWISH EDUCATION AT CONSTANTINOPLE. 47
qualified schoolmaster. I see no alternative but the gradual absorption of these establishments in the subventioned schools, so that eventually (I fear it will be many years hence) they may be taken over by the latter and attain the same level in regard both to their educational standard and sanitary arrangements.
Owing to the number of the Talmud Tora Schools, and the very large numbers of children attending them, it would be manifestly unwise to attempt applying my proposed remedy immediately and wholesale. The most expeditious as well as practicable course to adopt, in the first instance, would be to select one or two of the most promising of these establishments for experiment, and, if the experiment proved successful, the remainder could be dealt with. The absorption of each school must be by gradual steps.
There would be no difficulty in arranging for masters, either from the adjoining subventioned schools or elsewhere, to attend daily for the purpose of giving instruction. Take, for example, the district of Haslteui. Adjoining a subventioned school, where 117 boys receive a liberal education, under the able direction of Mr. Somech, is situated a Talmud Tora School. An energetic modern tutor, under the supervision of Mr. Somech, could work wonders in a short time with the children of the Talmud Tora. The tutor could be assisted by advanced pupils from the subventioned schools who would attend daily with the tutor, learning from him the means of giving instruction, and by degrees taking over the classes. The Rabbi himself might officiate as Hebrew master. Other improvements which present themselves from time to time might be gradually carried into effect, and eventually a satisfactory state of education would be arrived at and a success worthy of the energy and money expended be obtained. The ultimate aim would be the amalgamation in one body of all the scholastic establishments in Constantinople and its neighbourhood.
In Constantinople alone there are some 40,000 Jews. Only 1,500 children are educated at the subventioned schools, and the remainder either attend the Talmud Toras or receive no instruction at all. My estimate is that 4,000 children, or thereabouts, attend the Talmud Toras.
The general establishment of subventioned schools throughout the Jewish communities of the East is to be regarded, we may hope, as only a matter of time; and the gradual absorption by them of the Talmud Tora Schools will follow as a natural
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