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instruction; but in some cases, where the parents are able to afford it, a small fee is payable monthly.
My next visit was to the girls' school at Galata, which is placed under the able management of the two Misses Salzer. The pupils here receive a thoroughly sound education. The system of teaching the smaller children is especially excellent, and consists of instruction by conversation gradually worked up to any subject aimed at, so that the pupil acquires, almost unawares, the information which is desired to be imparted.
In the first class I counted twenty pupils; in the second, thirty-six; and in the third, fifty-eight. The rooms of the house are, however, too small for the numbers to be accommodated, the whole of the third class being packed into one small room ; and the directors complained of the inconvenience occasioned by the want of space. There is attached to the institution a school of needlework, where thirty pupils are taught dressmaking, sewing, and fancy work, the orders being taken from the public.
My attention was then directed to the school of the Messieurs Camondo, at Haskeui, a large, healthily situated building, on the right bank of the Golden Horn, about two miles north of Pera and Galata. This Institution was founded some quarter of a century ago, and is maintained entirely by the Counts Nissim and Abraham Camondo. It enjoys the great advantage of being under the direction of M. Bloch, a master in praise of whose marked success and ability too much can hardly be said.
The scholars of this Institution have the benefit of tuition by professors who appear to give every attention to the details of the studies and the nationality of the pupils. The subject of technical education has been here thoroughly and sucessfully worked out; the technical students selected being those who show least aptitude for ordinary studies. No less than forty boys are taught manual labour of one kind or another. Twenty tailors and twenty bootmakers receive instruction in an atelier on the ground floor, and other rooms in the institution are fitted up for similar purposes. The boots turned out by the pupils, who were busily at work at the time of my visit, were strong and well made, and the tailoring seemed to be good. This establishment is to a certain extent self-supporting, as the boots and clothes made by the pupils are supplied to the boys of the School. A master-bootmaker and master-tailor presided in each room and showed great pleasure in producing for my inspection the made-up materials
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