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14
SIXTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT.
III.—RUSSIA.
The settlement of the Jewish question has not advanced since last year. The Commission on Jewish disabilities, sitting under the direction of Count Pahlen, has not yet ter-' minated its labours. Expulsions of Jewish families and restrictions in regard to the domicile of Jews employed in commerce have been rigorously enforced, even in the Caucasus, where formerly the disabilities of the Jews were less oppressive. On the removal of Jews from their domiciles, the anti-Semitic spirit of the provincial authorities found full scope, and in consequence of many harsh proceedings numerous Jewish families have been induced to seek a home in foreign countries where, unhappily, they are exposed to the utmost privations. On the other hand, the Senate has in a number of cases responded to the remonstrances of Jewish petitioners with equitable consideration. Thus, for example, this body has annulled decrees for expulsion which were intended to affect certain Jewish merchants of Odessa and Rostoff. Jews who have served in the army have, when threatened with expulsion from their places of residence, been in some instances allowed to remain on account of such service.
Serious attention has been given in various quarters to the question of improving the situation of the Russian Jews in such a manner as to satisfy their own legitimate requirements. In regard to this question, it has been suggested that the opening of technical schools in cities densely populated by Jews would not fail to command the sympathy of the public Press and of many enlightened friends of technical education.
In the Government of Kieff the laws imposing disabilities on Jews have lately been put into force against a large number of persons employed in the offices of lawyers—a class against whom these measures had not previously been enforced.
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