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appendix e.—mr. b. l. benas's travels.
underneath the building are likewise devoted to the maintenance of the Schools.
The building reflects great credit upon the School managers, is scrupulously clean, and the sanitary arrangements good. The walls and ceilings were lime-washed, and whilst the odour in the streets was anything but agreeable, there was an entire absence of anything unpleasant within the walls of the building. The School is exclusively for boys ; there is a class room for about a hundred—86 is the number now attending. Considering that the pupils belong to the very poorest classes, I can report with pleasure that in personal attire the children can well hold their own in point of cleanliness with those of our Anglo-Jewish Schools. The boys are dressed entirely in washable cotton clothing, and this material is preferable to the darker cloth used in Europe, which harbours dust and dirt. The hair of the boys was well combed. Altogether the lads were most presentable. They are taught Arabic, Italian, French and Hebrew. As the visit was quite unexpected, there could be no possible pretence at preparation. Dr. Adler and I examined several pupils, and found they answered fairly well, in many cases exceedingly well. I must, however, temper my praise with some little criticism. I consider the boys both in this School and the Menasce Institution, of which I shall speak later on, somewhat overcrammed in some ,.things and not sufficiently instructed in others. It will commend itself to the common sense of every practical educationist that the study of four languages simultaneously by lads of tender age, must detract from that thoroughness in instruction which is so desirable the system pursued tends rather to make pupils linguistic experts, than well-taught scholars. Allowance must of course be 'made for the cosmopolitan character of Egypt. Whilst the largest number of resident Europeans are Italian, the official language is French, the national tongue Arabic, and the religious exigencies necessitate Hebrew teaching.
The next school visited was the Menasce Institute, conducted by Mons, Leon, who has been trained at the Alliance School in Paris, and is an excellent and painstaking director.
The building is well nigh palatial, and everything that I observed in the Aghion School I can only emphasise in this establishment, in a superlative degree. The premises being situated in a garden outside the city proper, adds in a great measure to the improved sanitation. Baron Jaques de Menasce, Dr. H. Adler, and I, attended quite unexpectedly, and the boys were put through rather a brisk examination. Some boys seemed exceedingly sharp.
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