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FOURTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT.
exactly as pupils would have been taught two or three generations ago. This will be altered when a new school can be obtained ; it is then hoped that the Boys' School will exceed 1,000 pupils. Mdlle. Rose Levy, a very intelligent young lady (with whom I was much pleased, and who speaks English well, although it is not required for her duties), has about 200 girls under her care, who are kept in very good order. Two or three boys, educated at the Boys' School here, have found places as teachers, and others are monitors.
At all the schools I visited in Bulgaria and Turkey, the vernacular is taught, though not always to the girls, who have much needlework to do, and properly so. I hope that in time the vernacular will assume a still more marked position, as in many regions, especially in the smaller towns, French is of no use to the children; and since in their families they converse in Spanish, they should speak and write the language of their country well, thus avoiding the reproach that they are foreigners. I was pleased to find that in these schools Hebrew is taught grammatically, and that translation is insisted on. The children, as a whole, looked clean, the girls scrupulously so. In most of the schools a few Greek or Armenian children are to be found, which is satisfactory.
The position of the Jews in Servia and in Turkey is everything that can be desired. In Bulgaria and Eastern Roumelia there is nothing to be complained of so far as the law is concerned; but the pamphlets industriously circulated, often with sensational illustrations, about the " blood accusation," are doing much harm, and the Jews are very much depressed about their future.
At Constantinople I visited the following schools :—the excellent Institution founded by M. Goldsclimidt in the Balata quarter, and placed under the supervision of M. Bloch, the head of the Camondo School; also the Haskeui Boys' School, which works very well; the Haskeui Girls' School, under the auspices of Mdme. Fernandez; the Boys' School in Pera, which is extremely well managed (it is in need of extension, the present premises being insufficient for the accommodation of the pupils). The Girls' School at Galata is under very good management, and is in every respect excellent. I there learnt with deep regret that the available resources of the school were insufficient. A small number of charitable ladies had originally guaranteed a good sum for three years, hut they had continued the grants for a period of six years, and now they justly declare themselves unwilling to bear the entire burden of expenses. The school was therefore in danger of being closed, but I trust
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