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APPENDIX D,
-MR, MOCATTA'S VISIT TO THE LEVANT. 63
APPENDIX D.

MB. F. D. MOCATTA'S VISITS TO LEVANTINE SCHOOLS DURING THE PAST WINTER.
My journey has brought me across several of the Alliance Schools, and I am glad to testify my high opinion of their utility and of their intelligent management. Naturally, in a very cursory visit, I could form but a superficial idea of their merits. I visited the schools at Sofia (the capital of Bulgaria), where there are about 7,000 to 8,000 Jews. A few are well off, but the great majority are poor. Nearly all are Sephardim ; hitherto they have been perfectly comfortable, but now they dread the introduction of anti-Semitism through Russian and German influences. The Boys' School has about 450 pupils, under a very intelligent and willing master, M. Benchiniol of Tetuan. The locale (belonging to the Congregation) is not good. The Girls' School, with 250 pupils, is a very pleasant establishment under Mdlle. Kann, a young lady apparently excellently fitted for her task. There is an infants' class here. The locale is good, but of uncertain tenure.
I passed a night at Tatar-Bazardjik (in Eastern Roumelia), a town of about 8,000 inhabitants, of whom about one-sixth are Jews. There are 140 boys and 80 girls in the schools, which are directed by M. and Madame Levy. M. Levy (a Bulgarian) seemed full of energy, and told me, as I also heard from others, that his Committee, ladies as well as gentlemen, were energetic and took great interest in the school.
At Philippopolis, M. Benforado (of Constantinople) directs the school. He is a very intelligent man, quite fit for the work. There are 210 boys, in a very decent locale. It appears that they are well taught. The Girls' School (about 100 pupils) has no regular teacher yet. The locale is splendid, and will, I hope, be made to accommodate an infants' class. There may be about 1,200 Jews here; few are well off, but in none of these places can there be said to be much abject poverty. There are evening classes for apprentices and adults.
Adrianople has, it is said, 10,000 to 12,000 Jews. M. Loupo is an excellent master, but his school has at present only about 200 boys, whereas more than three times that number are taught in the Talmud Tora Schools in a very unfragrant place,
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