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APPENDIX B. — MR. S. ASH'S PROPOSALS, ETC.
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that legislation of most relentless character will follow, unless the new Treaty is favourable to foreign and to the Roumanian Jews.
It will be known to you that notice for the withdrawal ot the said Treaty has been given, and a new Treaty will have to be concluded before May, 1886.
2. Turning to the second and most important point of the question, our measures of relief will have to be devised in a manner which will enable our Roumanian brethren to face successfully any calamity that may befall them. We shall have to prepare them for two eventualities:—(1) For emigration in case of need; (2) For residence in their own country as useful and honourable members of the community, if the laws of the future will permit them to remain in the country and to prosper there.
The only efficient training for such purposes will be by starting or assisting educational agencies of various kinds, namely:—(1) Schools (for boys and girls) for secular and religious instruction; (2) Workshops in connection with the said schools; (3) Artisan schools.
Now, such suggestions sound rather ambitious and have the ring of "costliness and plenty of money" about them, yet I hope to be able to show to you that a very small amount of money might be made to go a long way towards carrying out the greater part of the schemes suggested.
Schools, at least new ones, need not be started at once, but our first aim ought to be to strengthen the existing schools. Give to a number of schools such subventions as will enable them to get on successfully, and the first and the most important step in the right direction will have been taken. There are a certain number of schools that could be turned into thoroughly efficient institutions by yearly subventions. Roumanian friends assure me that Roumanians would g-ladly come forward and assist the same schools by their subscriptions.
I should strongly advise that all instruction be given in these subventioned schools in the " Roumanian" language, that " German and French or English" be obligatory, and " Gymnastics" be compulsory. These subventioned schools would have to be put under the supervision of an Educational Council, the Central authority to be in Bucharest; this Central Council to send out gentlemen to inspect the subventioned schools off and on during the year. The Central Council to be specially formed for the purpose; the Central Council should also admit members of local " School Councils " representing the schools subventioned in the provinces.
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