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condition was bad enough before the Berlin Treaty; but it has since become much worse, and the 44th article of that Treaty, which was drawn up to secure to us equal treatment with all the other inhabitants of Roumania has been so. interpreted as to subject us to greater persecution than we ever suffered while Roumania was under the suzerainty of the Porte."
In a recent despatch from Her Majesty's representative at Bucharest, which was forwarded to me by the Foreign Office, it was suggested that any action taken here, either in Parliament or otherwise, would be ill-advised, and would tend to arouse anti-Semitic feelings in Roumania. The same views are expressed in the article in the Roumanian Pays above referred to. That journal says:—
" The Jews are not persecuted in Roumania, and it is no one's interest, still less that of the Jews, to raise the anti-Semitic question in Roumania, which country has remained entirely unaffected by it during the agitation in a great part of Europe."
The Marquis of Salisbury, on the 25th of July, 1879, in answer to a deputation composed of Members of the Anglo-Jewish Association and Board of Deputies, which I had the honour to introduce at the Foreign Office, said:—
I am bound to agree with Baron Henry de Worms that Roumania is a State that owes her existence to the acts of friendliness' and goodwill of other Powers. . . The fact that she came under the guardianship of the Powers of Europe as a whole, and that her practical internal independence was secured to her by a diplomatic act, was, as Baron Henry de Worms says, the result of the blood which England and France and Italy shed in the Crimea. We have, therefore, a great claim upon recognition by the inhabitants of Roumania of the efforts which the Western Powers have made, and I do not think that the expression of an opinion, and of a very strong opinion, on our part can be looked upon as any undue' or unbecoming interference with the internal affairs of any people, for we have bought the right to. say that which we have said. ..."
If, through considerations of diplomatic etiquette, Roumania is, to be allowed to continue a policy worthy only of ., the darkest periods of the Middle Ages, then no other course remains than the one which I have ventured to adopt—ffchat of gibbeting her misdeeds, and appealing to the most powerful tribunal of the world—public opinion—to lend its irresistible force to their condemnation and ultimate prevention."
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