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taught by foreign masters
than to the lessons given by native teachers. Geography and history have also proved advantageous in the information afforded to young scholars. They all are very intelligent and studious. All of them are endowed with such capacities as a teacher may fairly desire to find in his pupils.
It cannot be too much emphasised that the education of girls demands the most serious attention. And the aim of educating them must not be so much the imparting of theoretical knowledge as the improvement of domestic habits. It is impossible to over-estimate the value and the necessity of a schooling by which the homes shall be made clean and healthy, and which shall place woman in the position assigned to her by Providence. With the intellectual improvement of the future wives we may witness the improvement of the Jewish community in Bagdad.
The Jewish population of Constantinople consists of about 30,000 souls, and is scattered along both banks of the Golden Horn, at Haskeui, Balata, and along the two banks of the Bos-phorus, at Ortakeui and Couscoundjuk. There are also Jews at Courontchesme, Arnaontkeui, Buyukdere, and Daghamami. Within recent years they have settled in large numbers in the suburb of Galata. Most of the Jews are Sephardim. Two thousand Jews follow the German rite, and are principally to be found in Galata.
The Jews in Constantinople are chiefly engaged in traffic. Persons in easy circumstances are engaged in banking business or keep warehouses for the sale of colonial goods and for merchandise of every description. Others are brokers or deal in articles of various kinds. Numerous Jews are porters and earn a precarious living. There are also those who follow the trades of tailors, bootmakers, tin-smiths, and butchers. Neither in Constantinople nor in any part of the Ottoman territory do the
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