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48
TENTH ANNUAL REPORT.
lie would undoubtedly have pressed upon the Sultan the necessity of relieving the Jews from some of their grievances, and of affording to them additional protection for their lives and property.
We now beg leave to submit to your Lordship that if, in accordance with Sir J. D. Hay's despatch of the 13th May, the complaints of the Jews are in future to be presented direct to Cid Mohamed Bar gash at Tangier, and are no longer to be communicated to the .Representatives of Foreign Powers, the Jews in Morocco will be placed in a position of great peril and will be virtually isolated from all protective influences.
The intimidation exercised by the Moorish authorities is so overwhelming that on occasion when the Jews have to complain of ill-treatment they are constrained to make complaints in the first instance through alien Jewish or Christian merchants, and they invariably request that their communications should not be divulged to the local Governors.
In support of our views we beg to submit that according to trustworthy evidence within the last fifteen years 205 Jews have been assassinated in Fez, Sefro, Debdou, Taza, Giret, Outat, Arzila, Tarodant, Larache, Alcazar, Mazagan, Mogador, and Morocco. In nearly every instance the guilty parties have remained unpunished, and the relatives of the victims have been left completely destitute. In all these cases the aggressors were fully aware that in attacking a Jew they incurred less danger than in attacking a Mahomedan, because Jews do not indulge in the practice of blood revenge.
Great as is the number of victims, the Jewish Communities in Morocco are reluctant to give statistics in all the cases of outrage, for they dread bringing upon themselves fresh persecutions through the vindictiveness of local chiefs.
Admitting, in accordance with Sir J. D. Hay's opinion, that Cid Mohamed Bargash is, unlike the usual Moorish officials, an upright and just man, the proposed system would only be a transitory engagement, for on the death or political removal of Bargash, the Jews would fall under a Minister of the ordinary type.
We further venture to point out that the Sultan's Vizier showed an entire misapprehension of the condition of the Jews in his country when he informed Sir John Drummond Hay (in the letter of the 5th May) that the Jews are now less careful in their intercourse than they were in former times, both in their language and their acts, and that the Jews on settling in Morocco bound themselves by a special compact to
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