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it was generally apprehended that other Foreign Powers would be induced to follow this example. Although the advantages of protection had only been ■enjoyed by a small number of Jews, its effects had proved useful to the entire Jewish community, who through the privileged class had often been able to frustrate the devices of ill-disposed officials. The rumoured withdrawal of protection was followed by the announcement that a Conference would shortly be held in Madrid to discuss the question whether the the system as it stood should be continued. In anticipation of a total abolition of the protection of the Jews, the Moors began to indulge in most cruel barbarities. Even at Fez, where the Sultan resides, the savage multitude were not deterred from burning and putting to death in a public thoroughfare an aged man, Abraham Elaloof, who was much respected by his Jewish fellow townsmen. During this period of terror, appeals from all sides were made to the Anglo-Jewish Association, praying its Council to intercede with Her Majesty's Government, with the view of inducing the Sultan of Morocco to secure for his Jewish subjects an immunity from further ill-treatment. In compliance with these entreaties, a joint Deputation of the Anglo-Jewish Association and the Board of Deputies, waited upon Earl Granville, the Minister for Foreign Affairs, on the 18th of May, to set forth the grievances of the Jewish population in Morocco, and to submit suggestions for remedial measures.* The Deputation received from Earl Gran-* See below, pages 33—42.
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