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APPENDIX C.—M.
PARIENTE ON SMYRNA SCHOOLS. 87
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present that sympathy, though not opposed to them, is not with them. To gain it the Jews must look to their own improvement, especially amongst the poor, who are the majority.
For this purpose, recognition by the State would be invaluable.
More Jewish Schools, especially industrial ones, are urgently needed.
The clergy should be radically reformed.
The present dress of the Polish Jews should be discarded and cleanliness practised.
To acquire more influence with the national press would be of much use to them.
And unless the Powers are determined to enforce their views, I doubt whether it would not be wise to acccpt the present Government compromise, but only as a compromise.
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APPENDIX C.
M. S. S. PARIENTE'S REPORT ON THE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN SMYRNA.
[Translation.]
I submit the following account of the position of our Educational Institutions during the past year, and also of the changes which it would be desirable to introduce.
I.—Boys' School.
The direction of this School was entrusted to me in January, 1878. The School had then 129 pupils, of whom 91 were admitted gratis. At present the School has 159 pupils, of whom 101 pay no school fees. Nearly the entire number of children are new pupils, for against 138 admitted, 108 have left. A portion of the latter have been apprenticed by us, and are thus to some extent provided for.
Through your liberality we have been enabled to introduce English instruction. This study will be useful to our youths intending to follow a commercial career or to accept Government employment. 30 pupils, under M. Fercken, are making good progress, owing to the great zeal of this teacher. The .subjects taught comprise Hebrew, French, Turkish, English, .and Greek, Biblical and general history, physical and political
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