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NINTH ANNUAL REPORT.
more houses have been rebuilt, it is not likely there will be any considerable influx of Jews. When there I did not come' across any Jews.
Kesanlik.—Before the war, there was a thrifty little community of about 400 Jews here ; now there are not more than fifty families. They are all small traders. There are a small synagogue and a school. The Jews are at liberty to avail themselves of the National School. Signor Yeneziani, who was here at the commencement of the year, promised to send a .French master for the latter if the Jews went there. He had not arrived in the beginning of October last. M. Petre Ivanoff, the Prefect of the town, is an excellent man, and may be trusted to deal out justice to Jew, Turk and Christian alike.

IV.—Boumanta.
There are about 300,000 Jews in Roumania; 35,000 being in Wallachia, and the remainder in Moldavia. Amongst those in Wallachia there are 3,000 of Spanish origin. Of the remaining Wallachian Jews about three-fourths are of Roumanian birth, long settled in the country, but of German origin. The rest are either under the protection of some foreign Government, generally Austria, or are under the protection of no foreign Power, because they have fled their country to evade military service, or for some other reason which precludes them asking the assistance of their own Government. Of the 265,000 Jewish inhabitants of Moldavia all are of German, Polish, or Russian origin. About 100,000 are born in Moldavia, 80,000 are under foreign protection, and 85,000 have fled from Russia, Poland, and Galicia. These figures are, of course, only approximate.
It does not correctly describe the condition of this mass of people to say they are persecuted. But at the same time they labour under great oppression and disabilities.
The Jews have no political rights in Roumania. They cannot become Members of the Chamber or vote at the elections, they cannot occupy any position under the Government, although as a fact they are allowed to become Government clerks, and there are one or two other exceptions. They cannot be Government doctors, but in other respects may practise the art of medicine.
No Jews can become judges nor can they practise as lawyers, or act as legal assessors or jurymen. There are, however, some Jewish lawyers, who, since 1864, have been allowed a locus
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