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tlie Jews, and came to the conclusion that they alone were to ' blame. Neither Mr. Mitchell nor the German Commissioner were satisfied with this termination, and acting on direct instructions they succeeded in obtaining from Aleko Pasha the appointment of a fresh Commission. At this stage of the proceedings Signor Veneziani's brother again arrived from Constantinople. He told M. Graziani that he thought it best that the matter should be allowed to drop, that the refugee X. |Lx Jews should adopt a policy of conciliation towards the Bul-
garians, otherwise it would never be safe for them to return to Carlova. The effect of this communication to M. Graziani was that when the ill-treated Jews came to give their evidence at the second Commission it was of a very different nature from what they had sworn to at the first. This course placed both foreign Governments and their representatives in a very foolish position. Mr. Mitchell was naturally much disgusted at being thus thrown over. He said, and very rightly, that those who managed Jewish affairs should have determined, in the first place, what course they intended to adopt; that having once appealed for assistance to a foreign Government, they should have left the matter entirely in its hands ; that the German and English Governments were sufficiently powerful to see that justice was done to the injured Jews of Carlova ; that by the step the Jews had taken they had lowered themselves, and they would never be able to show their faces again in Carlova. It is too true that the Carlova Jews have now become a permanent burden to their brethren at Philippopolis. Such mismanagement as this naturally tends to make friendly representatives of foreign Powers very chary of taking up the Jewish cause. Further, it gives an opportunity to the enemies of the Jews (which they are careful not to throw away) to assert how groundless are the complaints of the latter. Although M. Graziani considered himself bound to act as V directed from Constantinople, he admitted the mischief of
pursuing a similar course upon any future occasion. I pointed out to him that the Jews of Philippopolis could ill afford to lose the generous assistance of the friendly representatives of England and Germany. When in Constantinople, I was unable to see Signor Yeneziani on the subject.
Jeni-Sagka is a small town to the east of Koumelia. During the war many of the houses were burnt and destroyed. The accommodation for the returning Turks, Bulgars and Jews is, consequently, very limited. A few of the latter have come back, and, although unmolested, have not been welcomed. Till
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