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APPENDIX B.—MR. PYKE'S TRAVELS IN THE EAST. 7o
the worthy Exarch Joseph, of Bulgaria and Poumelia, and with the Metropolitan of Philippopolis. Both expressed friendly views towards the Jews. The President of the Repatriation Committee spoke of the Jews as a people who lived in a peaceable and friendly manner with their neighbours. If matters proceed quietly in this newly-formed province, and the Jews adapt themselves to the altered state of circumstances in which they now are, they may have as bright a future before them as the Jews of Bulgaria.
Philippopolis.—Of the 2,000 Jews quartered in this city, 1,600 or 1,700 are permanent inhabitants. The remainder are refugees, many from Carlova and a few from Kesanlik. The community is not a flourishing one, and cannot be favourably compared with that of Sofia. Many of the rich members, on the outbreak of hostilities, migrated to Constantinople, and have not returned. The majority are small shopkeepers who seek to earn a living, although not always successful to a sufficient extent. The poor refugees were in many cases comfortably housed, thanks to the exertions of the Turkish Sufferers' Fund and of the Anglo-Jewish Association, assisted by the munificence of Baron Hirsch, Messrs. Rothschild, and through the y collections made by Sir H. Drummond Wolff, but there were
still some persons unprovided with permanent homes.
It is very laudable that, notwithstanding many difficulties, the Jewish community should be in advance of their Christian and Mahomedan townsmen in providing education for tne young. The buildings are situated in the Jewish quarter on about £ of an acre of ground. They consist of two houses, not newly built, but altered for the purpose to which they are now put. In each house are four rooms, three class rooms and one for the teachers. The rooms are clean and light. .250 boys attend the school. The teaching staff here also is too weak. There are six rabbis and a monitor sent from the Alliance to teach French, lie is shortly to be supplemented by a regular French master. Although a master had been engaged to teach the Bulgarian language, he had left when I was there, because the community were unable any longer to meet the expense of his salary. It is to be hoped that this very serious detect will soon be supplied; otherwise, when the Government School starts, many pupils of the Jewish school will migrate there. A galettci of 80 centimes per ocka on meat killed according to Jewish rites supplies the necessary funds for maintaining the school. This is an unusually high tax and presses severely on the large number of poor.
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