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NINTH ANNUAL REPORT.
protection to indigenous persons has produced the utmost consternation amongst the Jews in the Moorish Empire, they having always regarded Consular protection as the best safeguard, both for their personal security and for the conduct of their business transactions.
Amongst the five or six hundred individuals who at the present time enjoy protection in Morocco, there are one hundred and three Jews. Yet the influence of this privilege is felt far beyond the area of protected persons, and constitutes an effective restraint upon the lawless portion of the Moorish population.
Your Lordship is fully aware of the ill-treatment, humiliations, and murderous outrages to which the Jews in Morocco are so frequently exposed, and of which the archives of the Foreign Office furnish abundant evidence.
Appeals are constantly received in which we are implored to make representations to Her Majesty's Government on the lamentable condition of our co-religionists in Morocco. Documents of recent date, referring to the withdrawal of protection and to the perpetration of terrible outrages and indignities,, are here appended (see Enclosures A and B).*
Notwithstanding the Firman which, at the instance of Sir Moses Montefiore, the late Sultan granted in 1864, for the benefit of all non-Mahomedans, the Jews cannot obtain justice from a Moorish Tribunal, their testimony not being received in Court, and thus it occurs that judgment in suits between Mahomedans and Jews is virtually given on ex parte statements. Under these circumstances it is only through the good offices of the Foreign Consuls that the Jews in Morocco are enabled to preserve their lives and to secure their property.
Even a partial withdrawal of protection would therefore be regarded as a most disastrous. calamity by the Jews, who, as is attested by eminent writers on the affairs of Morocco, form the most active, industrious, and useful portion of the population in that country.
It is at the same time an acknowledged fact that the continuance of commercial intercourse between the British Empire and Morocco depends upon the practical application of those principles of public right which have been hitherto upheld by Consular protection.
* The substance of the Enclosures above referred to has been, in part, embodied in tlio present Report. Another portion is reproduced in Appendix A.
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