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ROUMANIA.
17
the Board of Deputies, was received at the Foreign Office on the 25th of July, 1879.
Baron Henry de Worms, in addressing Lord Salisbury, observed that the Deputation represented Jews in all parts of Her Majesty's dominions. They were anxious that they should not be thought by their silence to be satisfied with the compromise suggested by the Roumanian Ministry. Article 44 of the Treaty, which referred to Roumania, contained a paragraph not in Articles 34 and 35, which referred to Servia. The Servian clauses were :—
" 34. The high contracting parties recognise the independence of the Principality of Servia, subject to the conditions set forth in the following article.
" 35. In Servia the difference of religious creeds and confessions shall not be alleged against any person as a ground of exclusion or incapacity in matters relating to the enjoyment of civil and political rights, admission to public employments, functions, and honours, or the exercise of the various professions and industries, in any locality whatsoever. The freedom and outward exercise of all forms of worship shall be assured to all persons belonging to Servia, as well as to foreigners, and no hindrance shall be offered either to the hierarchical organisation of the different communions, or to their relations with their spiritual chiefs."
The Roumanian clauses were a repetition, mutatis mutandis, but contained the additional clause :—•
"The subjects and citizens of all the Powers, traders or others, shall be treated in Roumania, without distinction of creed, on a footing of perfect equality."
If the compromise were accepted, those words would be omitted, but they contained the whole gist of the matter. Baron de Worms went on to explain that the reason why it was necessary to add in regard to Roumania a clause which was not inserted as regards Servia was because in Servia the Jews were citizens; in Roumania they were regarded as waifs and strays, incapable of naturalisation. They were aliens, but not protected as being subjects or citizens of any foreign Powers, like the pauper in Hood's ballad, " rattled over the stones, because only a pauper whom nobody owns." It was the 7th Article of the Constitution which made them incapable of naturalisation:—" Les etrangers de rite chretien peuvent seals obtenir la naturalisation." Now that was to be abolished, and the Roumanians were to give themselves power
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