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ninth annual report.
beadle. There are 21 Synagogues, all constructed alike. My impression on seeing them for the first time was that the builders had suddenly been called away from their work, and had forgotten to return. The brick-built walls are bare, and contrast unfavourably with Jewish houses of worship in Europe. The benches are covered with carpets, and there are no desks or rests on which to place the prayer books. Everything looks rough and unfinished. The roof being left open in many places for light and air, the rain enters without let or hindrance. The Reader has no fixed salary, but receives gifts out of the offerings made during the festivals. The beadle is likewise unpaid, but receives the offerings made at the maftir. Mourners, contribute towards the lighting of the Synagogue by gifts of lamps and oil.
It is customary to visit the supposed tombs of prophets and other men of renown, and to offer prayers there. The pilgrimages most in vogue are those to the tombs of Ezra and Ezekiel, Joshua the priest, and the Sheikh Isaac. These tombs are supported partly by special contributions and partly by the money received from pilgrims. The graves of Ezra and Ezekiel are visited between Passover and Shebuoth, the grave of Joshua the priest every holiday and Rosb Hodesh, and that of Sheikh Isaac once a year. Ezra's tomb is one day's journey from Bassorali. Ezekiel's tomb is at Hillah, near which are the famous ruins of Babylon. Joshua the priest lies about lialf-an-hour from Bagdad, and Isaac the Sheikh is buried in Bagdad, the tomb being situated near the house of M. Lurion, the President of the Committee of the Alliance School. The two first-named graves are visited less frequently than the others, because the pilgrimage consumes much time and money.

By M. D. Gazes, Head-master of the School.
During the past year the Tunis School has made fair headway. The studies have been systematised, the food of the pupils has been of a better description, the pupils have improved in discipline, in neatness, and, chief of all, in propriety
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